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Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering (MBE)
 

Effects of isolation and slaughter strategies in different species on emerging zoonoses

Pages: 1119 - 1140, Volume 14, Issue 5/6, October/December 2017      doi:10.3934/mbe.2017058

 
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Jing-An Cui - School of Science, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, No. 1, Zhanlanguan Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100044, China (email)
Fangyuan Chen - School of Science, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, No. 1, Zhanlanguan Road, Xicheng District, Beijing 100044, China (email)

Abstract: Zoonosis is the kind of infectious disease transmitting among different species by zoonotic pathogens. Different species play different roles in zoonoses. In this paper, we established a basic model to describe the zoonotic pathogen transmission from wildlife, to domestic animals, to humans. Then we put three strategies into the basic model to control the emerging zoonoses. Three strategies are corresponding to control measures of isolation, slaughter or similar in wildlife, domestic animals and humans respectively. We analyzed the effects of these three strategies on control reproductive numbers and equilibriums and we took avian influenza epidemic in China as an example to show the impacts of the strategies on emerging zoonoses in different areas at beginning.

Keywords:  Zoonoses, strategy, isolation, slaughter, species, wildlife, domestic animals, humans.
Mathematics Subject Classification:  Primary: 92B05, 92D30; Secondary: 34D20.

Received: July 2016;      Accepted: October 2016;      Available Online: May 2017.

 References