ISSN:

1534-0392

eISSN:

1553-5258

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## Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis

May 2019 , Volume 18 , Issue 3

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*+*[Abstract](2325)

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**Abstract:**

We study the well-posedness of second order Hamilton-Jacobi equations with an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck operator in *a-priori* Lipschitz estimates obtained in Chasseigne, Ley & Nguyen 2017 [

*+*[Abstract](2018)

*+*[HTML](193)

*+*[PDF](408.87KB)

**Abstract:**

In the present paper we prove uniqueness results for solutions to a class of Neumann boundary value problems whose prototype is

where

*+*[Abstract](2001)

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*+*[PDF](416.88KB)

**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with entire solutions of the monostable equation with nonlocal dispersal, i.e., **asymmetric**. Unlike symmetric cases, this equation lacks symmetry between the nonincreasing and nondecreasing traveling wave solutions. We first give a relationship between the critical speeds **symmetric**, we prove that the entire solutions are 5-dimensional, 4-dimensional, and 3-dimensional manifolds, respectively.

*+*[Abstract](2249)

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*+*[PDF](382.99KB)

**Abstract:**

Let

where

here

*+*[Abstract](1917)

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*+*[PDF](424.17KB)

**Abstract:**

In this manuscript, we are interested in the study of existence, uniqueness and comparison of viscosity and weak solutions for quasilinear equations in the Heisenberg group. In particular, we highlight the limitation of applying the Euclidean theory of viscosity solutions to get comparison of solutions of sub-elliptic equations in the Heisenberg group. Moreover, we will be concerned with the equivalence of different notions of weak solutions under appropriate assumptions for the operators under analysis. We end the paper with an application to a Radó property.

*+*[Abstract](1922)

*+*[HTML](208)

*+*[PDF](439.67KB)

**Abstract:**

In this article, we study the stability of weak solutions to a stochastic version of a coupled Cahn-Hilliard-Navier-Stokes model with multiplicative noise. The model consists of the Navier-Stokes equations for the velocity, coupled with an Cahn-Hilliard model for the order (phase) parameter. We prove that under some conditions on the forcing terms, the weak solutions converge exponentially in the mean square and almost surely exponentially to the stationary solutions. We also prove a result related to the stabilization of these equations.

*+*[Abstract](2040)

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*+*[PDF](439.43KB)

**Abstract:**

We study positive solutions to (singular) boundary value problems of the form:

where

*+*[Abstract](1876)

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*+*[PDF](464.72KB)

**Abstract:**

A non-autonomous random attractor is called backward compact if its backward union is pre-compact. We show that such a backward compact random attractor exists if a non-autonomous random dynamical system is bounded dissipative and backward asymptotically compact. We also obtain both backward compact and periodic random attractor from a periodic and locally asymptotically compact system. The abstract results are applied to the sine-Gordon equation with multiplicative noise and a time-dependent force. If we assume that the density of noise is small and that the force is backward tempered and backward complement-small, then, we obtain a backward compact random attractor on the universe consisted of all backward tempered sets. Also, we obtain both backward compactness and periodicity of the attractor under the assumption of a periodic force.

*+*[Abstract](1909)

*+*[HTML](182)

*+*[PDF](447.86KB)

**Abstract:**

In this work we prove that the initial value problem (IVP) associated to the fractional two-dimensional Benjamin-Ono equation

where

and *x*, is locally well posed in the Sobolev space

*+*[Abstract](2194)

*+*[HTML](218)

*+*[PDF](463.95KB)

**Abstract:**

We consider a nonlocal parabolic equation associated with the fractional *p*-laplace operator, which was studied by Gal and Warm in [On some degenerate non-local parabolic equation associated with the fractional *p*-Laplacian. Dyn. Partial Differ. Equ., 14(1): 47-77, 2017]. By exploiting the boundary condition and the variational structure of the equation, according to the size of the initial dada, we prove the finite time blow-up, global existence, vacuum isolating phenomenon of the solutions. Furthermore, the upper and lower bounds of the blow-up time for blow-up solutions are also studied. The results generalize the results got by Gal and Warm.

*+*[Abstract](1829)

*+*[HTML](178)

*+*[PDF](373.43KB)

**Abstract:**

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of time-dependent boundary perturbation on the flow of a viscous fluid via asymptotic analysis. We start from a simple rectangular domain and then perturb the upper part of its boundary by the product of a small parameter

*+*[Abstract](2052)

*+*[HTML](194)

*+*[PDF](340.62KB)

**Abstract:**

We study the symmetry of solutions to a class of Monge-Ampère type equations from a few geometric problems. We use a new transform to analyze the asymptotic behavior of the solutions near the infinity. By this and a moving plane method, we prove the radially symmetry of the solutions.

*+*[Abstract](1995)

*+*[HTML](220)

*+*[PDF](395.61KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper we study a class of weakly coupled Schrödinger system arising in several branches of sciences, such as nonlinear optics and Bose-Einstein condensates. Instead of the well known super-quadratic condition that

*+*[Abstract](1817)

*+*[HTML](184)

*+*[PDF](474.36KB)

**Abstract:**

In the paper, we consider a three-dimensional bipolar hydrodynamic model from semiconductor devices and plasmas. This system takes the form of Euler-Poisson with electric field and relaxation term added to the momentum equations. We first construct the planar diffusion waves. Next we show the global existence of smooth solutions for the initial value problem of three-dimensional bipolar Euler-Poisson systems when the initial data are near the planar diffusive waves. Finally, we also establish the

*+*[Abstract](1835)

*+*[HTML](194)

*+*[PDF](625.24KB)

**Abstract:**

In this work, we study the Dirichlet problem associated with a strongly coupled system of nonlocal equations. The system of equations comes from a linearization of a model of peridynamics, a nonlocal model of elasticity. It is a nonlocal analogue of the Navier-Lamé system of classical elasticity. The leading operator is an integro-differential operator characterized by a distinctive matrix kernel which is used to couple differences of components of a vector field. The paper's main contributions are proving well-posedness of the system of equations and demonstrating optimal local Sobolev regularity of solutions. We apply Hilbert space techniques for well-posedness. The result holds for systems associated with kernels that give rise to non-symmetric bilinear forms. The regularity result holds for systems with symmetric kernels that may be supported only on a cone. For some specific kernels associated energy spaces are shown to coincide with standard fractional Sobolev spaces.

*+*[Abstract](1821)

*+*[HTML](210)

*+*[PDF](502.88KB)

**Abstract:**

Two main results will be presented in our paper. First, we will prove the regularity of solutions to axially symmetric Navier-Stokes equations under a

*+*[Abstract](2122)

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*+*[PDF](342.33KB)

**Abstract:**

By introducing a new increasing auxiliary function and employing the adapted concavity method, this paper presents a finite time blow up result of the solution for the initial boundary value problem of a class of nonlinear wave equations with both strongly and weakly damped terms at supercritical initial energy level.

*+*[Abstract](1829)

*+*[HTML](168)

*+*[PDF](448.67KB)

**Abstract:**

We study the nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS)

in

*+*[Abstract](1832)

*+*[HTML](189)

*+*[PDF](591.04KB)

**Abstract:**

We consider semilinear Schrödinger equations with nonlinearity that is a polynomial in the unknown function and its complex conjugate, on

*+*[Abstract](1865)

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*+*[PDF](430.79KB)

**Abstract:**

We consider perturbations of nonlinear eigenvalue problems driven by a nonhomogeneous differential operator plus an indefinite potential. We consider both sublinear and superlinear perturbations and we determine how the set of positive solutions changes as the real parameter

*+*[Abstract](1783)

*+*[HTML](187)

*+*[PDF](414.22KB)

**Abstract:**

In this paper, we obtain the

with the bounds are independent of the measurable function

where

*+*[Abstract](1754)

*+*[HTML](195)

*+*[PDF](413.87KB)

**Abstract:**

Incompressible viscous axially-symmetric magnetohydrodynamics is considered in a bounded axially-symmetric cylinder. Vanishing of the normal components, azimuthal components and also azimuthal components of rotation of the velocity and the magnetic field is assumed on the boundary. First, global existence of regular special solutions, such that the velocity is without the swirl but the magnetic field has only the swirl component, is proved. Next, the existence of global regular axially-symmetric solutions which are initially close to the special solutions and remain close to them for all time is proved. The result is shown under sufficiently small differences of the external forces. All considerations are performed step by step in time and are made by the energy method. In view of complicated calculations estimates are only derived so existence should follow from the Faedo-Galerkin method.

*+*[Abstract](1913)

*+*[HTML](228)

*+*[PDF](555.56KB)

**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with the existence and non-monotonicity of traveling wave solutions for general diffusive predator-prey models. By using Schauder's fixed point theorem and the existence of contracting rectangles, we obtain the existence result. Then we investigate the asymptotic behavior of positive monotone traveling wave solutions by using the modified Ikehara's Theorem. With the help of their asymptotic behavior, we provide a sufficient condition which guarantee that all positive traveling wave solutions of the system are non-monotone. Furthermore, to illustrate our main results, the existence and non-monotonicity of traveling wave solutions of Lotka-Volterra predator-prey model and modified Leslie-Gower predator-prey models with different kinds of functional responses are also discussed.

*+*[Abstract](2208)

*+*[HTML](272)

*+*[PDF](399.38KB)

**Abstract:**

Generalized trigonometric functions (GTFs) are simple generalization of the classical trigonometric functions. GTFs are deeply related to the

*+*[Abstract](2314)

*+*[HTML](185)

*+*[PDF](455.36KB)

**Abstract:**

The Riemann problems for a class of coupled hyperbolic systems of conservation laws with a source term are studied. The Riemann solutions exactly include two kinds: delta-shock solutions and vacuum solutions. In order to see more clearly the influence of the source term on Riemann solutions, the generalized Rankine-Hugoniot relations of delta shock waves are derived in detail, and the position, propagation speed and strength of delta shock wave are given. It is also shown that, as the source term vanishes, the Riemann solutions converge to the corresponding ones of the homogeneous system, which is just the generalized zero-pressure flow model and contains the one-dimensional zero-pressure flow as a prototypical example. Furthermore, the generalized balance relations associated with the generalized mass and momentum transportation are established for the delta-shock solution. Finally, two typical examples are presented to illustrate the application of our results.

*+*[Abstract](2151)

*+*[HTML](180)

*+*[PDF](400.86KB)

**Abstract:**

We consider the following semilinear Schrödinger equation with inverse square potential

where $N≥ 3$, $f$ is asymptotically linear, $V$ is 1-periodic in each of $x_1, ..., x_N$ and $\sup[σ(-\triangle +V)\cap (-∞, 0)]＜0＜{\rm{inf}}[σ(-\triangle +V)\cap (0, ∞)]$. Under some mild assumptions on $V$ and $f$, we prove the existence and asymptotical behavior of ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type to the above problem.

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