# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

2014, 4(3): 193-207. doi: 10.3934/naco.2014.4.193

## Convergence analysis of the weighted state space search algorithm for recurrent neural networks

 1 Department of Applied Mathematics, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Kowloon, Hong Kong 2 Department of Mathematics, Cleveland State University, Cleveland, OH 44115

Received  April 2013 Revised  July 2014 Published  September 2014

Recurrent neural networks (RNNs) have emerged as a promising tool in modeling nonlinear dynamical systems. The convergence is one of the most important issues of concern among the dynamical properties for the RNNs in practical applications. The reason is that the viability of many applications of RNNs depends on their convergence properties. We study in this paper the convergence properties of the weighted state space search algorithm (WSSSA) -- a derivative-free and non-random learning algorithm which searches the neighborhood of the target trajectory in the state space instead of the parameter space. Because there is no computation of partial derivatives involved, the WSSSA has a couple of salient features such as simple, fast and cost effective. In this study we provide a necessary and sufficient condition that required for the convergence of the WSSSA. Restrictions are offered that may help assure convergence of the of the WSSSA to the desired solution. The asymptotic rate of convergence is also analyzed. Our study gives insights into the problem and provides useful information for the actual design of the RNNs. A numerical example is given to support the theoretical analysis and to demonstrate that it is applicable to many applications.
Citation: Leong-Kwan Li, Sally Shao. Convergence analysis of the weighted state space search algorithm for recurrent neural networks. Numerical Algebra, Control & Optimization, 2014, 4 (3) : 193-207. doi: 10.3934/naco.2014.4.193
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