September  2015, 5(3): 435-452. doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2015.5.435

Strong law of large numbers for upper set-valued and fuzzy-set valued probability

1. 

Qilu Securities Institute for Financial Studies, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China, China

2. 

School of Mathematics, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China

Received  October 2014 Revised  February 2015 Published  July 2015

In this paper, we introduce the concepts of upper-lower set-valued probabilities and related upper-lower expectations for random variables. With a new concept of independence for random variables, we show a strong law of large numbers for upper-lower set-valued probabilities. Furthermore, we extend those concepts and theorem to the case of fuzzy-set.
Citation: Zengjing Chen, Yuting Lan, Gaofeng Zong. Strong law of large numbers for upper set-valued and fuzzy-set valued probability. Mathematical Control & Related Fields, 2015, 5 (3) : 435-452. doi: 10.3934/mcrf.2015.5.435
References:
[1]

Z. Artsteun, Set-valued measures,, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, 165 (1972), 103. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-1972-0293054-4. Google Scholar

[2]

Z. Chen and L. Epstein, Ambiguity, risk and asset returns in continuous time,, Econometrica, 70 (2002), 1403. doi: 10.1111/1468-0262.00337. Google Scholar

[3]

Z. Chen and P. Wu, Strong laws of large numbers for Bernoulli experiments under ambiguity,, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 100 (2011), 19. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-22833-9_2. Google Scholar

[4]

Z. Chen, P. Wu and B. Li, A strong law of large numbers for non-additive probabilies,, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 54 (2013), 365. doi: 10.1016/j.ijar.2012.06.002. Google Scholar

[5]

G. Cooman and E. Miranda, Weak and strong laws of large numbers for coherent lower precision,, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 138 (2008), 2409. doi: 10.1016/j.jspi.2007.10.020. Google Scholar

[6]

G. Debereu and D. Schmeidler, The Radom-Nikodym derivative of a correspondence,, Proc. Sixth Berkeley Sympo. Math. Statist. Probab, 2 (1970), 41. Google Scholar

[7]

L. DeRobertis and J. A. Hartigan, Bayesian inference using intervals of measures,, Annals of Statistics, 9 (1981), 235. doi: 10.1214/aos/1176345391. Google Scholar

[8]

L. Epstein and D. Schneider, IID: independently and indistingguishably distributed,, Journal of Economic Theory, 113 (2003), 32. doi: 10.1016/S0022-0531(03)00121-2. Google Scholar

[9]

P. Huper, The use of Choquet capacities in statistics,, Bulletin of the International Statistical Institute, 45 (1973), 181. Google Scholar

[10]

F. Maccheroni and M. Marinacci, A strong law of large number for capacities,, Annals of Probability, 33 (2005), 1171. doi: 10.1214/009117904000001062. Google Scholar

[11]

M. Marinacci, Limit laws for non-additive probabilities and their frequentist interpretation,, Journal of Economic Theory, 84 (1999), 145. doi: 10.1006/jeth.1998.2479. Google Scholar

[12]

C. V. Negoita and D. A. Ralescu, Applications of Fuzzy sets to Systems Analysis,, Birkhauser, (1975). doi: 10.1007/978-3-0348-5921-9. Google Scholar

[13]

S. Peng, BSDE and related g-expectation,, Pitman Research Notes in Mathematics Series, 364 (1997), 141. Google Scholar

[14]

S. Peng, Monotonic limit theorem of BSDE and nonlinear decomposition theorem of Doob-Meyer type,, Probability Theory and Related Fields, 113 (1999), 473. doi: 10.1007/s004400050214. Google Scholar

[15]

S. Peng, G-expectation, G-Brownian motion and related stochastic calculus of Itô type,, Stochastic Analysis and Applicatios, 2 (2007), 541. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-70847-6_25. Google Scholar

[16]

S. Peng, Multi-Dimensional G-Brownian Motion and Related Stochastic Calculus under G-Expectation,, Stochastic Processes and their Applications, 118 (2008), 2223. doi: 10.1016/j.spa.2007.10.015. Google Scholar

[17]

S. Peng, Survey on normal distributions, central limit theorem, Brownian motion and the related stochastic calculus under sublinear expectations,, Science in China Series A-Mathematics, 52 (2009), 1391. doi: 10.1007/s11425-009-0121-8. Google Scholar

[18]

S. Peng, Nonlinear expectations and stochastic calculus under uncertainty-with robust central limit theorem and G-Brownian motion, preprint,, , (). Google Scholar

[19]

M. L. Puri and D. A. Ralescu, Strong law of large numbers with respect to a set-valued probability mesure,, The Annals of Probability, 11 (1983), 1051. doi: 10.1214/aop/1176993455. Google Scholar

[20]

M. L. Puri and D. A. Ralescu, Fuzzy random variables., Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 114 (1986), 409. doi: 10.1016/0022-247X(86)90093-4. Google Scholar

[21]

D. A. Ralescu, Radom-Nikodym theorem for fuzzy set-valued measures,, Fuzzy Sets Theory and Applications, 177 (1986), 39. Google Scholar

[22]

D. A. Ralescu, Strong law of large numbers with respect to a fuzzy probability measure,, Metron, 71 (2013), 201. doi: 10.1007/s40300-013-0022-z. Google Scholar

[23]

L. Wasserman and J. Kadane, Bayes's theorem for Choquent capacities,, The Annals of Statistics, 18 (1990), 1328. doi: 10.1214/aos/1176347752. Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

Z. Artsteun, Set-valued measures,, Transactions of the American Mathematical Society, 165 (1972), 103. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-1972-0293054-4. Google Scholar

[2]

Z. Chen and L. Epstein, Ambiguity, risk and asset returns in continuous time,, Econometrica, 70 (2002), 1403. doi: 10.1111/1468-0262.00337. Google Scholar

[3]

Z. Chen and P. Wu, Strong laws of large numbers for Bernoulli experiments under ambiguity,, Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, 100 (2011), 19. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-22833-9_2. Google Scholar

[4]

Z. Chen, P. Wu and B. Li, A strong law of large numbers for non-additive probabilies,, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 54 (2013), 365. doi: 10.1016/j.ijar.2012.06.002. Google Scholar

[5]

G. Cooman and E. Miranda, Weak and strong laws of large numbers for coherent lower precision,, Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, 138 (2008), 2409. doi: 10.1016/j.jspi.2007.10.020. Google Scholar

[6]

G. Debereu and D. Schmeidler, The Radom-Nikodym derivative of a correspondence,, Proc. Sixth Berkeley Sympo. Math. Statist. Probab, 2 (1970), 41. Google Scholar

[7]

L. DeRobertis and J. A. Hartigan, Bayesian inference using intervals of measures,, Annals of Statistics, 9 (1981), 235. doi: 10.1214/aos/1176345391. Google Scholar

[8]

L. Epstein and D. Schneider, IID: independently and indistingguishably distributed,, Journal of Economic Theory, 113 (2003), 32. doi: 10.1016/S0022-0531(03)00121-2. Google Scholar

[9]

P. Huper, The use of Choquet capacities in statistics,, Bulletin of the International Statistical Institute, 45 (1973), 181. Google Scholar

[10]

F. Maccheroni and M. Marinacci, A strong law of large number for capacities,, Annals of Probability, 33 (2005), 1171. doi: 10.1214/009117904000001062. Google Scholar

[11]

M. Marinacci, Limit laws for non-additive probabilities and their frequentist interpretation,, Journal of Economic Theory, 84 (1999), 145. doi: 10.1006/jeth.1998.2479. Google Scholar

[12]

C. V. Negoita and D. A. Ralescu, Applications of Fuzzy sets to Systems Analysis,, Birkhauser, (1975). doi: 10.1007/978-3-0348-5921-9. Google Scholar

[13]

S. Peng, BSDE and related g-expectation,, Pitman Research Notes in Mathematics Series, 364 (1997), 141. Google Scholar

[14]

S. Peng, Monotonic limit theorem of BSDE and nonlinear decomposition theorem of Doob-Meyer type,, Probability Theory and Related Fields, 113 (1999), 473. doi: 10.1007/s004400050214. Google Scholar

[15]

S. Peng, G-expectation, G-Brownian motion and related stochastic calculus of Itô type,, Stochastic Analysis and Applicatios, 2 (2007), 541. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-70847-6_25. Google Scholar

[16]

S. Peng, Multi-Dimensional G-Brownian Motion and Related Stochastic Calculus under G-Expectation,, Stochastic Processes and their Applications, 118 (2008), 2223. doi: 10.1016/j.spa.2007.10.015. Google Scholar

[17]

S. Peng, Survey on normal distributions, central limit theorem, Brownian motion and the related stochastic calculus under sublinear expectations,, Science in China Series A-Mathematics, 52 (2009), 1391. doi: 10.1007/s11425-009-0121-8. Google Scholar

[18]

S. Peng, Nonlinear expectations and stochastic calculus under uncertainty-with robust central limit theorem and G-Brownian motion, preprint,, , (). Google Scholar

[19]

M. L. Puri and D. A. Ralescu, Strong law of large numbers with respect to a set-valued probability mesure,, The Annals of Probability, 11 (1983), 1051. doi: 10.1214/aop/1176993455. Google Scholar

[20]

M. L. Puri and D. A. Ralescu, Fuzzy random variables., Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 114 (1986), 409. doi: 10.1016/0022-247X(86)90093-4. Google Scholar

[21]

D. A. Ralescu, Radom-Nikodym theorem for fuzzy set-valued measures,, Fuzzy Sets Theory and Applications, 177 (1986), 39. Google Scholar

[22]

D. A. Ralescu, Strong law of large numbers with respect to a fuzzy probability measure,, Metron, 71 (2013), 201. doi: 10.1007/s40300-013-0022-z. Google Scholar

[23]

L. Wasserman and J. Kadane, Bayes's theorem for Choquent capacities,, The Annals of Statistics, 18 (1990), 1328. doi: 10.1214/aos/1176347752. Google Scholar

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