2014, 11(4): 823-839. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2014.11.823

Coexistence and asymptotic stability in stage-structured predator-prey models

1. 

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, UNC Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28403

2. 

Mathematics and Statistics Department, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, NC 28403-5970, United States, United States

Received  January 2013 Revised  August 2013 Published  March 2014

In this paper we analyze the effects of a stage-structured predator-prey system where the prey has two stages, juvenile and adult. Three different models (where the juvenile or adult prey populations are vulnerable) are studied to evaluate the impacts of this structure to the stability of the system and coexistence of the species. We assess how various ecological parameters, including predator mortality rate and handling times on prey, prey growth rate and death rate, prey capture rate and nutritional values in two stages, affect the existence and stability of all possible equilibria in each of the models, as well as the ultimate bounds and the dynamics of the populations. The main focus of this paper is to find general conditions to ensure the presence and stability of the coexistence equilibrium where both the predator and prey can co-exist Through specific examples, we demonstrate the stability of the trivial and co-existence equilibrium as well as the dynamics in each system.
Citation: Wei Feng, Michael T. Cowen, Xin Lu. Coexistence and asymptotic stability in stage-structured predator-prey models. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2014, 11 (4) : 823-839. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2014.11.823
References:
[1]

P. A. Abrams and C. Quince, The impact of mortality rate on predator population size and stability in systems with stage-structured prey,, Theoretical Population Biology, 68 (2005), 253. Google Scholar

[2]

B. Buonomo, D. Lacitignola and S. Rionero, Effect of prey growth and predator cannibalism rate on the stability of a structured population model,, Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 11 (2010), 1170. doi: 10.1016/j.nonrwa.2009.01.053. Google Scholar

[3]

L. Cai and X. Song, Permanence and stability of a predator-prey system with stage structure for predator,, Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 201 (2007), 356. doi: 10.1016/j.cam.2005.12.035. Google Scholar

[4]

R. S. Cantrell and C. Cosner, Permanence in ecological systems with spatial heterogeneity,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 123 (1993), 533. doi: 10.1017/S0308210500025877. Google Scholar

[5]

F. Chen, Permanence of periodic Holling type predator-prey system with stage structure for prey,, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 182 (2006), 1849. doi: 10.1016/j.amc.2006.06.024. Google Scholar

[6]

D. Cooke and J. A. Leon, Stability of population growth determined by 2x2 Leslie Matrix with density dependent elements,, Biometrics, 32 (1976), 435. doi: 10.2307/2529512. Google Scholar

[7]

J. M. Cushing and M. Saleem, A predator prey model with age structure,, Journal of Mathematical Biology, 14 (1982), 231. doi: 10.1007/BF01832847. Google Scholar

[8]

M. Fan and Y. Kuang, Dynamics of a nonautonomous predator-prey system with the Beddington-DeAngelis functional response,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 295 (2004), 15. doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.02.038. Google Scholar

[9]

W. Feng, Coexistence, stability, and limiting behavior in a one-predator-two-prey model,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 179 (1993), 592. doi: 10.1006/jmaa.1993.1371. Google Scholar

[10]

W. Feng, Permanence effect in a three-species food chain model,, Applicable Analysis, 54 (1994), 195. doi: 10.1080/00036819408840277. Google Scholar

[11]

W. Feng and X. Lu, Harmless delays for permanence in a class of population models with diffusion effects,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 206 (1997), 547. doi: 10.1006/jmaa.1997.5265. Google Scholar

[12]

W. Feng and X. Lu, Some coexistence and extinction results in a three species ecological model,, Diff. Integ. Eq.s, 8 (1995), 617. Google Scholar

[13]

W. Feng, C. V. Pao and X. Lu, Global attractors of reaction-diffusion systems modeling food chain populations with delays,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 10 (2011), 1463. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.1463. Google Scholar

[14]

A. Hastings, Age-dependent predation is not a simple process, I: Continuous time models,, Theorertical Population Biology, 23 (1983), 347. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(83)90023-0. Google Scholar

[15]

A. Leung, Limiting behaviour for a prey-predator model with diffusion and crowding effects,, J. Math. Biol., 6 (1978), 87. doi: 10.1007/BF02478520. Google Scholar

[16]

B. C. Longstaff, The dynamics of collembolan population growth,, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 55 (1977), 314. doi: 10.1139/z77-043. Google Scholar

[17]

C. Lu, W. Feng and X. Lu, Long-term survival in a 3-species ecological system,, Dynam. Contin. Discrete Impuls. Systems, 3 (1997), 199. Google Scholar

[18]

G. A. Oster, Internal variables in population dynamics,, In Levin, 8 (1976), 37. Google Scholar

[19]

C. V. Pao, Nonlinear Parabolic and Elliptic Equations,, Plenum Press, (1992). Google Scholar

[20]

R. H. Smith and R. Mead, Age structure and stability in models of prey-predator systems,, Theoretical Population Biology, 6 (1974), 308. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(74)90014-8. Google Scholar

[21]

C. Sun, Y. Lin and M. Han, Dynamic analysis for a stage-structure competitive system with mature population harvesting,, Chaos, 31 (2007), 380. doi: 10.1016/j.chaos.2005.09.057. Google Scholar

[22]

H. Wang, J. D. Nagy, O. Gilg and Y. Kuang, The roles of predator maturation delay and functional response in determining the periodicity of predator-prey cycles,, Mathematical Biosciences, 221 (2009), 1. doi: 10.1016/j.mbs.2009.06.004. Google Scholar

show all references

References:
[1]

P. A. Abrams and C. Quince, The impact of mortality rate on predator population size and stability in systems with stage-structured prey,, Theoretical Population Biology, 68 (2005), 253. Google Scholar

[2]

B. Buonomo, D. Lacitignola and S. Rionero, Effect of prey growth and predator cannibalism rate on the stability of a structured population model,, Nonlinear Analysis: Real World Applications, 11 (2010), 1170. doi: 10.1016/j.nonrwa.2009.01.053. Google Scholar

[3]

L. Cai and X. Song, Permanence and stability of a predator-prey system with stage structure for predator,, Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 201 (2007), 356. doi: 10.1016/j.cam.2005.12.035. Google Scholar

[4]

R. S. Cantrell and C. Cosner, Permanence in ecological systems with spatial heterogeneity,, Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 123 (1993), 533. doi: 10.1017/S0308210500025877. Google Scholar

[5]

F. Chen, Permanence of periodic Holling type predator-prey system with stage structure for prey,, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 182 (2006), 1849. doi: 10.1016/j.amc.2006.06.024. Google Scholar

[6]

D. Cooke and J. A. Leon, Stability of population growth determined by 2x2 Leslie Matrix with density dependent elements,, Biometrics, 32 (1976), 435. doi: 10.2307/2529512. Google Scholar

[7]

J. M. Cushing and M. Saleem, A predator prey model with age structure,, Journal of Mathematical Biology, 14 (1982), 231. doi: 10.1007/BF01832847. Google Scholar

[8]

M. Fan and Y. Kuang, Dynamics of a nonautonomous predator-prey system with the Beddington-DeAngelis functional response,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 295 (2004), 15. doi: 10.1016/j.jmaa.2004.02.038. Google Scholar

[9]

W. Feng, Coexistence, stability, and limiting behavior in a one-predator-two-prey model,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 179 (1993), 592. doi: 10.1006/jmaa.1993.1371. Google Scholar

[10]

W. Feng, Permanence effect in a three-species food chain model,, Applicable Analysis, 54 (1994), 195. doi: 10.1080/00036819408840277. Google Scholar

[11]

W. Feng and X. Lu, Harmless delays for permanence in a class of population models with diffusion effects,, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 206 (1997), 547. doi: 10.1006/jmaa.1997.5265. Google Scholar

[12]

W. Feng and X. Lu, Some coexistence and extinction results in a three species ecological model,, Diff. Integ. Eq.s, 8 (1995), 617. Google Scholar

[13]

W. Feng, C. V. Pao and X. Lu, Global attractors of reaction-diffusion systems modeling food chain populations with delays,, Commun. Pure Appl. Anal., 10 (2011), 1463. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.1463. Google Scholar

[14]

A. Hastings, Age-dependent predation is not a simple process, I: Continuous time models,, Theorertical Population Biology, 23 (1983), 347. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(83)90023-0. Google Scholar

[15]

A. Leung, Limiting behaviour for a prey-predator model with diffusion and crowding effects,, J. Math. Biol., 6 (1978), 87. doi: 10.1007/BF02478520. Google Scholar

[16]

B. C. Longstaff, The dynamics of collembolan population growth,, Canadian Journal of Zoology, 55 (1977), 314. doi: 10.1139/z77-043. Google Scholar

[17]

C. Lu, W. Feng and X. Lu, Long-term survival in a 3-species ecological system,, Dynam. Contin. Discrete Impuls. Systems, 3 (1997), 199. Google Scholar

[18]

G. A. Oster, Internal variables in population dynamics,, In Levin, 8 (1976), 37. Google Scholar

[19]

C. V. Pao, Nonlinear Parabolic and Elliptic Equations,, Plenum Press, (1992). Google Scholar

[20]

R. H. Smith and R. Mead, Age structure and stability in models of prey-predator systems,, Theoretical Population Biology, 6 (1974), 308. doi: 10.1016/0040-5809(74)90014-8. Google Scholar

[21]

C. Sun, Y. Lin and M. Han, Dynamic analysis for a stage-structure competitive system with mature population harvesting,, Chaos, 31 (2007), 380. doi: 10.1016/j.chaos.2005.09.057. Google Scholar

[22]

H. Wang, J. D. Nagy, O. Gilg and Y. Kuang, The roles of predator maturation delay and functional response in determining the periodicity of predator-prey cycles,, Mathematical Biosciences, 221 (2009), 1. doi: 10.1016/j.mbs.2009.06.004. Google Scholar

[1]

Qing Zhu, Huaqin Peng, Xiaoxiao Zheng, Huafeng Xiao. Bifurcation analysis of a stage-structured predator-prey model with prey refuge. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2019, 12 (7) : 2195-2209. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2019141

[2]

Zhong Li, Maoan Han, Fengde Chen. Global stability of a predator-prey system with stage structure and mutual interference. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2014, 19 (1) : 173-187. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.173

[3]

Jinping Fang, Guang Lin, Hui Wan. Analysis of a stage-structured dengue model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (9) : 4045-4061. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018125

[4]

Seong Lee, Inkyung Ahn. Diffusive predator-prey models with stage structure on prey and beddington-deangelis functional responses. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2017, 16 (2) : 427-442. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2017022

[5]

Jing-An Cui, Xinyu Song. Permanence of predator-prey system with stage structure. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 547-554. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.547

[6]

Leonid Braverman, Elena Braverman. Stability analysis and bifurcations in a diffusive predator-prey system. Conference Publications, 2009, 2009 (Special) : 92-100. doi: 10.3934/proc.2009.2009.92

[7]

Bruno Buonomo, Deborah Lacitignola. On the stabilizing effect of cannibalism in stage-structured population models. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2006, 3 (4) : 717-731. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2006.3.717

[8]

Xinyu Song, Liming Cai, U. Neumann. Ratio-dependent predator-prey system with stage structure for prey. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 747-758. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.747

[9]

Changrong Zhu, Lei Kong. Bifurcations analysis of Leslie-Gower predator-prey models with nonlinear predator-harvesting. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2017, 10 (5) : 1187-1206. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2017065

[10]

Christian Kuehn, Thilo Gross. Nonlocal generalized models of predator-prey systems. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2013, 18 (3) : 693-720. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.693

[11]

Liang Zhang, Zhi-Cheng Wang. Spatial dynamics of a diffusive predator-prey model with stage structure. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2015, 20 (6) : 1831-1853. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2015.20.1831

[12]

Ronald E. Mickens. Analysis of a new class of predator-prey model. Conference Publications, 2001, 2001 (Special) : 265-269. doi: 10.3934/proc.2001.2001.265

[13]

Hongxiao Hu, Liguang Xu, Kai Wang. A comparison of deterministic and stochastic predator-prey models with disease in the predator. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2019, 24 (6) : 2837-2863. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018289

[14]

Marcello Delitala, Tommaso Lorenzi. Evolutionary branching patterns in predator-prey structured populations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2013, 18 (9) : 2267-2282. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.2267

[15]

Jia Li. Malaria model with stage-structured mosquitoes. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2011, 8 (3) : 753-768. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2011.8.753

[16]

Shanshan Chen, Jianshe Yu. Stability and bifurcation on predator-prey systems with nonlocal prey competition. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2018, 38 (1) : 43-62. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018002

[17]

Benjamin Leard, Catherine Lewis, Jorge Rebaza. Dynamics of ratio-dependent Predator-Prey models with nonconstant harvesting. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2008, 1 (2) : 303-315. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2008.1.303

[18]

Wan-Tong Li, Yong-Hong Fan. Periodic solutions in a delayed predator-prey models with nonmonotonic functional response. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2007, 8 (1) : 175-185. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2007.8.175

[19]

Verónica Anaya, Mostafa Bendahmane, Mauricio Sepúlveda. Mathematical and numerical analysis for Predator-prey system in a polluted environment. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2010, 5 (4) : 813-847. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2010.5.813

[20]

Ovide Arino, Manuel Delgado, Mónica Molina-Becerra. Asymptotic behavior of disease-free equilibriums of an age-structured predator-prey model with disease in the prey. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 501-515. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.501

2018 Impact Factor: 1.313

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (6)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (0)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]