# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

2013, 10(2): 483-498. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2013.10.483

## Global threshold dynamics in an HIV virus model with nonlinear infection rate and distributed invasion and production delays

 1 College of Mathematics and Econometrics, Hunan University, Changsha, Hunan 410082, China 2 Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario N6A 5B7

Received  January 2012 Revised  September 2012 Published  January 2013

We consider a mathematical model that describes the interactions of the HIV virus, CD4 cells and CTLs within host, which is a modification of some existing models by incorporating (i) two distributed kernels reflecting the variance of time for virus to invade into cells and the variance of time for invaded virions to reproduce within cells; (ii) a nonlinear incidence function $f$ for virus infections, and (iii) a nonlinear removal rate function $h$ for infected cells. By constructing Lyapunov functionals and subtle estimates of the derivatives of these Lyapunov functionals, we shown that the model has the threshold dynamics: if the basic reproduction number (BRN) is less than or equal to one, then the infection free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable, meaning that HIV virus will be cleared; whereas if the BRN is larger than one, then there exist an infected equilibrium which is globally asymptotically stable, implying that the HIV-1 infection will persist in the host and the viral concentration will approach a positive constant level. This together with the dependence/independence of the BRN on $f$ and $h$ reveals the effect of the adoption of these nonlinear functions.
Citation: Zhaohui Yuan, Xingfu Zou. Global threshold dynamics in an HIV virus model with nonlinear infection rate and distributed invasion and production delays. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2013, 10 (2) : 483-498. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2013.10.483
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##### References:
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