# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

September  2012, 5(3): 639-667. doi: 10.3934/krm.2012.5.639

## Finite element method with discrete transparent boundary conditions for the time-dependent 1D Schrödinger equation

 1 Department of Mathematics at Faculty of Economics Sciences, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Myasnitskaya 20, 101000 Moscow, Russian Federation 2 Department of Mathematical Modelling, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Krasnokazarmennaya 14, 111250 Moscow, Russian Federation

Received  March 2012 Revised  May 2012 Published  August 2012

We consider the time-dependent 1D Schrödinger equation on the half-axis with variable coefficients becoming constant for large $x$. We study a two-level symmetric in time (i.e. the Crank-Nicolson) and any order finite element in space numerical method to solve it. The method is coupled to an approximate transparent boundary condition (TBC). We prove uniform in time stability with respect to initial data and a free term in two norms, under suitable conditions on an operator in the approximate TBC. We also consider the corresponding method on an infinite mesh on the half-axis. We derive explicitly the discrete TBC allowing us to restrict the latter method to a finite mesh. The operator in the discrete TBC is a discrete convolution in time; in turn its kernel is a multiple discrete convolution. The stability conditions are justified for it. The accomplished computations confirm that high order finite elements coupled to the discrete TBC are effective even in the case of highly oscillating solutions and discontinuous potentials.
Citation: Alexander Zlotnik, Ilya Zlotnik. Finite element method with discrete transparent boundary conditions for the time-dependent 1D Schrödinger equation. Kinetic & Related Models, 2012, 5 (3) : 639-667. doi: 10.3934/krm.2012.5.639
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##### References:
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