# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

September  2017, 6(3): 319-344. doi: 10.3934/eect.2017017

## On the Frechet differentiability in optimal control of coefficients in parabolic free boundary problems

 Florida Institute of Technology, 150 W. University Blvd, Melbourne, FL 32901, USA

Received  November 2016 Revised  April 2017 Published  June 2017

Fund Project: This work was supported by NSF Grant #1359074

We consider the inverse Stefan type free boundary problem, where the coefficients, boundary heat flux, and density of the sources are missing and must be found along with the temperature and the free boundary. We pursue an optimal control framework where boundary heat flux, density of sources, and free boundary are components of the control vector. The optimality criteria consists of the minimization of the $L_2$-norm declinations of the temperature measurements at the final moment, phase transition temperature, and final position of the free boundary. We prove the Frechet differentiability in Besov-Hölder spaces, and derive the formula for the Frechet differential under minimal regularity assumptions on the data. The result implies a necessary condition for optimal control and opens the way to the application of projective gradient methods in Besov-Hölder spaces for the numerical solution of the inverse Stefan problem.

Citation: Ugur G. Abdulla, Evan Cosgrove, Jonathan Goldfarb. On the Frechet differentiability in optimal control of coefficients in parabolic free boundary problems. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2017, 6 (3) : 319-344. doi: 10.3934/eect.2017017
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