# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

March  2014, 19(2): 485-522. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.485

## Identification of focus and center in a 3-dimensional system

 1 Department of Mathematics, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610064, China, China, China 2 Department of Mathematics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240

Received  May 2013 Revised  October 2013 Published  February 2014

In this paper we identify focus and center for a generalized Lorenz system, a 3-dimensional quadratic polynomial differential system with four parameters $a$, $b$, $c$, $\sigma$. The known work computes the first order Lyapunov quantity on a center manifold and shows the appearance of a limit cycle for $a\neq b$, but the order of weak foci was not determined yet. Moreover, the case that $a=b$ was not discussed. In this paper, for $a\neq b$ we use resultants to decompose the algebraic varieties of Lyapunov quantities so as to prove that the order is at most 3. Further, we apply Sturm's theorem to determine real zeros of the first order Lyapunov quantity over an extension field so that we give branches of parameter curves for each order of weak foci. For $a=b$ we prove its Darboux integrability by finding an invariant surface, showing that the equilibrium of center-focus type is actually a rough center on a center manifold.
Citation: Lingling Liu, Bo Gao, Dongmei Xiao, Weinian Zhang. Identification of focus and center in a 3-dimensional system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2014, 19 (2) : 485-522. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.485
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