November  2004, 4(4): 999-1012. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.999

Modelling the effect of imperfect vaccines on disease epidemiology

1. 

Institute for Biodiagnostics, National Research Council Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3B 1Y6, Canada

Received  March 2003 Revised  February 2004 Published  August 2004

We develop a mathematical model to monitor the effect of imperfect vaccines on the transmission dynamics of infectious diseases. It is assumed that the vaccine efficacy is not $100\%$ and may wane with time. The model will be analyzed using a new technique based on some results related to the Poincaré index of a piecewise smooth Jordan curve defined as the boundary of a positively invariant region for the model. Using global analysis of the model, it is shown that reducing the basic reproductive number ($\mathcal{R}_0$) to values less than one no longer guarantees disease eradication. This analysis is extended to determine the threshold level of vaccination coverage that guarantees disease eradication.
Citation: S.M. Moghadas. Modelling the effect of imperfect vaccines on disease epidemiology. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (4) : 999-1012. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.999
[1]

Timothy C. Reluga, Jan Medlock, Alison Galvani. The discounted reproductive number for epidemiology. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2009, 6 (2) : 377-393. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2009.6.377

[2]

Hui Cao, Yicang Zhou. The basic reproduction number of discrete SIR and SEIS models with periodic parameters. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2013, 18 (1) : 37-56. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2013.18.37

[3]

Paul Georgescu, Hong Zhang, Daniel Maxin. The global stability of coexisting equilibria for three models of mutualism. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2016, 13 (1) : 101-118. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2016.13.101

[4]

Qingming Gou, Wendi Wang. Global stability of two epidemic models. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2007, 8 (2) : 333-345. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2007.8.333

[5]

Nicolas Bacaër, Xamxinur Abdurahman, Jianli Ye, Pierre Auger. On the basic reproduction number $R_0$ in sexual activity models for HIV/AIDS epidemics: Example from Yunnan, China. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2007, 4 (4) : 595-607. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2007.4.595

[6]

Cruz Vargas-De-León, Alberto d'Onofrio. Global stability of infectious disease models with contact rate as a function of prevalence index. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2017, 14 (4) : 1019-1033. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2017053

[7]

Yoichi Enatsu, Yukihiko Nakata, Yoshiaki Muroya. Global stability for a class of discrete SIR epidemic models. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2010, 7 (2) : 347-361. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2010.7.347

[8]

Ariel Cintrón-Arias, Carlos Castillo-Chávez, Luís M. A. Bettencourt, Alun L. Lloyd, H. T. Banks. The estimation of the effective reproductive number from disease outbreak data. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2009, 6 (2) : 261-282. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2009.6.261

[9]

E. Almaraz, A. Gómez-Corral. On SIR-models with Markov-modulated events: Length of an outbreak, total size of the epidemic and number of secondary infections. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2018, 23 (6) : 2153-2176. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018229

[10]

Ketty A. De Rezende, Mariana G. Villapouca. Discrete conley index theory for zero dimensional basic sets. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (3) : 1359-1387. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017056

[11]

Jianquan Li, Zhien Ma. Stability analysis for SIS epidemic models with vaccination and constant population size. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2004, 4 (3) : 635-642. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.635

[12]

Jochen Brüning, Franz W. Kamber, Ken Richardson. The equivariant index theorem for transversally elliptic operators and the basic index theorem for Riemannian foliations. Electronic Research Announcements, 2010, 17: 138-154. doi: 10.3934/era.2010.17.138

[13]

Sukhitha W. Vidurupola, Linda J. S. Allen. Basic stochastic models for viral infection within a host. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2012, 9 (4) : 915-935. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2012.9.915

[14]

PaweŁ Hitczenko, Georgi S. Medvedev. Stability of equilibria of randomly perturbed maps. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (2) : 369-381. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017017

[15]

Fred Brauer. Some simple epidemic models. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2006, 3 (1) : 1-15. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2006.3.1

[16]

Fred Brauer, Zhilan Feng, Carlos Castillo-Chávez. Discrete epidemic models. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2010, 7 (1) : 1-15. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2010.7.1

[17]

John Shareshian and Michelle L. Wachs. q-Eulerian polynomials: Excedance number and major index. Electronic Research Announcements, 2007, 13: 33-45.

[18]

Jinliang Wang, Xianning Liu, Toshikazu Kuniya, Jingmei Pang. Global stability for multi-group SIR and SEIR epidemic models with age-dependent susceptibility. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (7) : 2795-2812. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017151

[19]

Yoichi Enatsu, Yukihiko Nakata. Stability and bifurcation analysis of epidemic models with saturated incidence rates: An application to a nonmonotone incidence rate. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2014, 11 (4) : 785-805. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2014.11.785

[20]

Yoichi Enatsu, Yukihiko Nakata, Yoshiaki Muroya. Global stability of SIR epidemic models with a wide class of nonlinear incidence rates and distributed delays. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2011, 15 (1) : 61-74. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2011.15.61

2018 Impact Factor: 1.008

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (7)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (19)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]