# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

November  2018, 38(11): 5897-5919. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018256

## Existence and asymptotic behavior of helicoidal translating solitons of the mean curvature flow

 1 Department of Mathematics, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Republic of Korea 2 School of Mathematics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study, Seoul 02455, Republic of Korea

* Corresponding author

Received  March 2018 Revised  April 2018 Published  August 2018

Fund Project: This research was supported in part by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2017R1E1A1A03070495 and NRF-2017R1A5A1015722)

Translating soliton is a special solution for the mean curvature flow (MCF) and the parabolic rescaling model of type Ⅱ singularities for the MCF. By introducing an appropriate coordinate transformation, we first show that there exist complete helicoidal translating solitons for the MCF in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ and we classify the profile curves and analyze their asymptotic behavior. We rediscover the helicoidal translating solitons for the MCF which are founded by Halldorsson [10]. Second, for the pinch zero we rediscover rotationally symmetric translating solitons in $\Bbb R^{n+1}$ and analyze the asymptotic behavior of the profile curves using a dynamical system. Clearly rotational hypersurfaces are foliated by spheres. We finally show that translating solitons foliated by spheres become rotationally symmetric translating solitons with the axis of revolution parallel to the translating direction. Hence, we obtain that any translating soliton foliated by spheres becomes either an n-dimensional translating paraboloid or a winglike translator.

Citation: Daehwan Kim, Juncheol Pyo. Existence and asymptotic behavior of helicoidal translating solitons of the mean curvature flow. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2018, 38 (11) : 5897-5919. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018256
##### References:
 [1] H. Alencar, A. Barros, O. Palmas, J. G. Reyes and W. Santos, O(m) × O(n)-Invariant Minimal Hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{m+n}$, Ann. Global Anal. Geom., 27 (2005), 179-199. doi: 10.1007/s10455-005-2572-7. Google Scholar [2] S. J. Altschuler and L. F. Wu, Translating surfaces of the non-parametric mean curvature flow with prescribed contact angle, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 2 (1994), 101-111. doi: 10.1007/BF01234317. Google Scholar [3] E. Barbosa and Y. Wei, A compactness theorem of the space of free boundary f-minimal surfaces in three-dimensional smooth metric measure space with boundary, J. Geom. Anal., 26 (2016), 1995-2012. doi: 10.1007/s12220-015-9616-4. Google Scholar [4] C. C. Beneki, G. Kaimakamis and B. J. Papantoniou, Helicoidal surfaces in three-dimensional Minkowski space, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 275 (2002), 586-614. doi: 10.1016/S0022-247X(02)00269-X. Google Scholar [5] E. Bombieri, E. De Giorgi and E. Giusti, Minimal cones and the Bernstein problem, Invent. Math., 7 (1969), 243-268. doi: 10.1007/BF01404309. Google Scholar [6] X. Cheng, T. Mejia and D. Zhou, Stability and compactness for complete f-minimal surfaces, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 367 (2015), 4041-4059. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-2015-06207-2. Google Scholar [7] J. Clutterbuck, O. C. Schnürer and F. Schulze, Stability of translating solutions to mean curvature flow, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 29 (2007), 281-293. doi: 10.1007/s00526-006-0033-1. Google Scholar [8] J. Dávila, M. del Pino and X. H. Nguyen, Finite topology self-translating surfaces for the mean curvature flow in $\mathbb{R}^3$, Adv. Math., 320 (2017), 674-729. doi: 10.1016/j.aim.2017.09.014. Google Scholar [9] M. P. do Carmo and M. Dajczer, Helicoidal surfaces with constant mean curvature, Tôhoku Math. J.(2), 34 (1982), 425-435. doi: 10.2748/tmj/1178229204. Google Scholar [10] H. P. Halldorsson, Helicoidal surfaces rotating/translating under the mean curvature flow, Geom. Dedicata, 162 (2013), 45-65. doi: 10.1007/s10711-012-9716-2. Google Scholar [11] R. Haslhofer, Uniqueness of the bowl soliton, Geom. Topol., 19 (2015), 2393-2406. doi: 10.2140/gt.2015.19.2393. Google Scholar [12] H. Hopf, Differential Geometry in the Large: Seminar Lectures New York University 1946 and Stanford University 1956. Vol. 1000, Springer, 2003.Google Scholar [13] G. Huisken, Asymptotic behavior for singularities of the mean curvature flow, J. Differential Geom., 31 (1990), 285-299. doi: 10.4310/jdg/1214444099. Google Scholar [14] G. Huisken and C. Sinestrari, Mean curvature flow singularities for mean convex surfaces, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 8 (1999), 1-14. doi: 10.1007/s005260050113. Google Scholar [15] T. Ilmanen, Elliptic regularization and partial regularity for motion by mean curvature, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc., 108 (1994), ⅹ+90 pp. doi: 10.1090/memo/0520. Google Scholar [16] W. C. Jagy, Minimal hypersurfaces foliated by spheres, Michigan Math. J., 38 (1991), 255-270. doi: 10.1307/mmj/1029004332. Google Scholar [17] W. C. Jagy, Sphere-foliated constant mean curvature submanifolds, Rocky Mountain J. Math., 28 (1998), 983-1015. doi: 10.1216/rmjm/1181071750. Google Scholar [18] D. Kim and J. Pyo, Translating solitons foliated by spheres, Internat. J. Math., 28 (2017), 1750006, 11 pp. doi: 10.1142/S0129167X17500069. Google Scholar [19] C. Kuhns and B. Palme, Helicoidal surfaces with constant anisotropic mean curvature, J. Math. Phys., 52 (2011), 073506, 14 pp. doi: 10.1063/1.3603816. Google Scholar [20] F. Martín, A. Savas-Halilaj and K. Smoczyk, On the topology of translating solitons of the mean curvature flow, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 54 (2015), 2853-2882. doi: 10.1007/s00526-015-0886-2. Google Scholar [21] A. Martínez, J. P. dos Santos and K. Tenenblat, Helicoidal flat surfaces in hyperbolic 3-space, Pacific J. Math., 264 (2013), 195-211. doi: 10.2140/pjm.2013.264.195. Google Scholar [22] P. Mira and J. A. Pastor, Helicoidal maximal surfaces in Lorentz-Minkowski space, Monatsh. Math., 140 (2003), 315-334. doi: 10.1007/s00605-003-0111-9. Google Scholar [23] X. H. Nguyen, Translating trident, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 34 (2009), 257-280. doi: 10.1080/03605300902768685. Google Scholar [24] X. H. Nguyen, Complete embedded self-translating surfaces under mean curvature flow, J. Geom. Anal., 23 (2013), 1379-1426. doi: 10.1007/s12220-011-9292-y. Google Scholar [25] S.-H. Park, Sphere-foliated minimal and constant mean curvature hypersurfaces in space forms and Lorentz-Minkowski space, Rocky Mountain J. Math., 32 (2002), 1019-1044. doi: 10.1216/rmjm/1034968429. Google Scholar [26] C. Peñafiel, Screw motion surfaces in $\widetilde{PSL}_2(\mathbb{R},τ)$, Asian J. Math., 19 (2015), 265-280. doi: 10.4310/AJM.2015.v19.n2.a4. Google Scholar [27] O. M. Perdomo, Helicoidal minimal surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$, Illinois J. Math., 57 (2013), 87-104. Google Scholar [28] J. Pyo, Foliations of a smooth metric measure space by hypersurfaces with constant f-mean curvature, Pacific J. Math., 271 (2014), 231-242. doi: 10.2140/pjm.2014.271.231. Google Scholar [29] J. Pyo, Compact translating solitons with non-empty planar boundary, Differential Geom. Appl., 47 (2016), 79-85. doi: 10.1016/j.difgeo.2016.03.003. Google Scholar [30] J. B. Ripoll, Helicoidal minimal surfaces in hyperbolic space, Nagoya Math. J., 114 (1989), 65-75. doi: 10.1017/S0027763000001409. Google Scholar [31] R. Sa Earp and E. Toubiana, Screw motion surfaces in $\mathbb{H}^2 × \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{S}^2 × \mathbb{R}$, Illinois J. Math., 49 (2005), 1323-1362. Google Scholar [32] J. Sato and V. F. de Souza Neto, Complete and stable O(p + 1) × O(q + 1)-invariant hypersurfaces with zero scalar curvature in Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{p+q+2}$, Ann. Global Anal. Geom., 29 (2006), 221-240. doi: 10.1007/s10455-005-9006-4. Google Scholar [33] X.-J. Wang, Convex solutions to the mean curvature flow, Ann. of Math.(3), 173 (2011), 1185-1239. doi: 10.4007/annals.2011.173.3.1. Google Scholar

show all references

##### References:
 [1] H. Alencar, A. Barros, O. Palmas, J. G. Reyes and W. Santos, O(m) × O(n)-Invariant Minimal Hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{R}^{m+n}$, Ann. Global Anal. Geom., 27 (2005), 179-199. doi: 10.1007/s10455-005-2572-7. Google Scholar [2] S. J. Altschuler and L. F. Wu, Translating surfaces of the non-parametric mean curvature flow with prescribed contact angle, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 2 (1994), 101-111. doi: 10.1007/BF01234317. Google Scholar [3] E. Barbosa and Y. Wei, A compactness theorem of the space of free boundary f-minimal surfaces in three-dimensional smooth metric measure space with boundary, J. Geom. Anal., 26 (2016), 1995-2012. doi: 10.1007/s12220-015-9616-4. Google Scholar [4] C. C. Beneki, G. Kaimakamis and B. J. Papantoniou, Helicoidal surfaces in three-dimensional Minkowski space, J. Math. Anal. Appl., 275 (2002), 586-614. doi: 10.1016/S0022-247X(02)00269-X. Google Scholar [5] E. Bombieri, E. De Giorgi and E. Giusti, Minimal cones and the Bernstein problem, Invent. Math., 7 (1969), 243-268. doi: 10.1007/BF01404309. Google Scholar [6] X. Cheng, T. Mejia and D. Zhou, Stability and compactness for complete f-minimal surfaces, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc., 367 (2015), 4041-4059. doi: 10.1090/S0002-9947-2015-06207-2. Google Scholar [7] J. Clutterbuck, O. C. Schnürer and F. Schulze, Stability of translating solutions to mean curvature flow, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 29 (2007), 281-293. doi: 10.1007/s00526-006-0033-1. Google Scholar [8] J. Dávila, M. del Pino and X. H. Nguyen, Finite topology self-translating surfaces for the mean curvature flow in $\mathbb{R}^3$, Adv. Math., 320 (2017), 674-729. doi: 10.1016/j.aim.2017.09.014. Google Scholar [9] M. P. do Carmo and M. Dajczer, Helicoidal surfaces with constant mean curvature, Tôhoku Math. J.(2), 34 (1982), 425-435. doi: 10.2748/tmj/1178229204. Google Scholar [10] H. P. Halldorsson, Helicoidal surfaces rotating/translating under the mean curvature flow, Geom. Dedicata, 162 (2013), 45-65. doi: 10.1007/s10711-012-9716-2. Google Scholar [11] R. Haslhofer, Uniqueness of the bowl soliton, Geom. Topol., 19 (2015), 2393-2406. doi: 10.2140/gt.2015.19.2393. Google Scholar [12] H. Hopf, Differential Geometry in the Large: Seminar Lectures New York University 1946 and Stanford University 1956. Vol. 1000, Springer, 2003.Google Scholar [13] G. Huisken, Asymptotic behavior for singularities of the mean curvature flow, J. Differential Geom., 31 (1990), 285-299. doi: 10.4310/jdg/1214444099. Google Scholar [14] G. Huisken and C. Sinestrari, Mean curvature flow singularities for mean convex surfaces, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 8 (1999), 1-14. doi: 10.1007/s005260050113. Google Scholar [15] T. Ilmanen, Elliptic regularization and partial regularity for motion by mean curvature, Mem. Amer. Math. Soc., 108 (1994), ⅹ+90 pp. doi: 10.1090/memo/0520. Google Scholar [16] W. C. Jagy, Minimal hypersurfaces foliated by spheres, Michigan Math. J., 38 (1991), 255-270. doi: 10.1307/mmj/1029004332. Google Scholar [17] W. C. Jagy, Sphere-foliated constant mean curvature submanifolds, Rocky Mountain J. Math., 28 (1998), 983-1015. doi: 10.1216/rmjm/1181071750. Google Scholar [18] D. Kim and J. Pyo, Translating solitons foliated by spheres, Internat. J. Math., 28 (2017), 1750006, 11 pp. doi: 10.1142/S0129167X17500069. Google Scholar [19] C. Kuhns and B. Palme, Helicoidal surfaces with constant anisotropic mean curvature, J. Math. Phys., 52 (2011), 073506, 14 pp. doi: 10.1063/1.3603816. Google Scholar [20] F. Martín, A. Savas-Halilaj and K. Smoczyk, On the topology of translating solitons of the mean curvature flow, Calc. Var. Partial Differential Equations, 54 (2015), 2853-2882. doi: 10.1007/s00526-015-0886-2. Google Scholar [21] A. Martínez, J. P. dos Santos and K. Tenenblat, Helicoidal flat surfaces in hyperbolic 3-space, Pacific J. Math., 264 (2013), 195-211. doi: 10.2140/pjm.2013.264.195. Google Scholar [22] P. Mira and J. A. Pastor, Helicoidal maximal surfaces in Lorentz-Minkowski space, Monatsh. Math., 140 (2003), 315-334. doi: 10.1007/s00605-003-0111-9. Google Scholar [23] X. H. Nguyen, Translating trident, Comm. Partial Differential Equations, 34 (2009), 257-280. doi: 10.1080/03605300902768685. Google Scholar [24] X. H. Nguyen, Complete embedded self-translating surfaces under mean curvature flow, J. Geom. Anal., 23 (2013), 1379-1426. doi: 10.1007/s12220-011-9292-y. Google Scholar [25] S.-H. Park, Sphere-foliated minimal and constant mean curvature hypersurfaces in space forms and Lorentz-Minkowski space, Rocky Mountain J. Math., 32 (2002), 1019-1044. doi: 10.1216/rmjm/1034968429. Google Scholar [26] C. Peñafiel, Screw motion surfaces in $\widetilde{PSL}_2(\mathbb{R},τ)$, Asian J. Math., 19 (2015), 265-280. doi: 10.4310/AJM.2015.v19.n2.a4. Google Scholar [27] O. M. Perdomo, Helicoidal minimal surfaces in $\mathbb{R}^3$, Illinois J. Math., 57 (2013), 87-104. Google Scholar [28] J. Pyo, Foliations of a smooth metric measure space by hypersurfaces with constant f-mean curvature, Pacific J. Math., 271 (2014), 231-242. doi: 10.2140/pjm.2014.271.231. Google Scholar [29] J. Pyo, Compact translating solitons with non-empty planar boundary, Differential Geom. Appl., 47 (2016), 79-85. doi: 10.1016/j.difgeo.2016.03.003. Google Scholar [30] J. B. Ripoll, Helicoidal minimal surfaces in hyperbolic space, Nagoya Math. J., 114 (1989), 65-75. doi: 10.1017/S0027763000001409. Google Scholar [31] R. Sa Earp and E. Toubiana, Screw motion surfaces in $\mathbb{H}^2 × \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{S}^2 × \mathbb{R}$, Illinois J. Math., 49 (2005), 1323-1362. Google Scholar [32] J. Sato and V. F. de Souza Neto, Complete and stable O(p + 1) × O(q + 1)-invariant hypersurfaces with zero scalar curvature in Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{p+q+2}$, Ann. Global Anal. Geom., 29 (2006), 221-240. doi: 10.1007/s10455-005-9006-4. Google Scholar [33] X.-J. Wang, Convex solutions to the mean curvature flow, Ann. of Math.(3), 173 (2011), 1185-1239. doi: 10.4007/annals.2011.173.3.1. Google Scholar
Two integral curves of vector field V (h = 1)
Two profile curves of vector field $V$ ($h = 1$)
Profile curves (n = 2, 5)
Two integral curves of vector field $V$ ($n = 2$)
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