# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

May  2018, 38(5): 2229-2249. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018092

## Decaying turbulence for the fractional subcritical Burgers equation

 University of Lyon, CNRS UMR 5208, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Institut Camille Jordan, 43 Blvd. du 11 novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France

Received  December 2016 Revised  July 2017 Published  March 2018

We consider the fractional unforced Burgers equation in the one-dimensional space-periodic setting:
 $$$\nonumber\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+(f(u))_x +ν Λ^{α} u = 0, t ≥ 0,\ \ \ \ {\bf{x}} ∈ {\mathbb{T}}^d = ({\mathbb{R}}/{\mathbb{Z}})^d.$$$
Here
 $f$
is strongly convex and satisfies a growth condition,
 $Λ = \sqrt{-Δ}, \ ν$
is small and positive, while
 $α ∈ (1,\ 2)$
is a constant in the subcritical range.
For solutions
 $u$
of this equation, we generalise the results obtained for the case
 $α = 2$
(i.e. when
 $-Λ^{α}$
is the Laplacian) in [12]. We obtain sharp estimates for the time-averaged Sobolev norms of
 $u$
as a function of
 $ν$
. These results yield sharp
 $ν$
-independent estimates for natural analogues of quantities characterising the hydrodynamical turbulence, namely the averages of the increments and of the energy spectrum. In the inertial range, these quantities behave as a power of the norm of the relevant parameter, which is respectively the separation
 $\ell$
in the physical space and the wavenumber
 $\bf{k}$
in the Fourier space.
The form of all estimates is the same as in the case
 $α = 2$
; the only thing which changes is that
 $ν$
is replaced by
 $ν^{1/(α-1)}$
.
Citation: Alexandre Boritchev. Decaying turbulence for the fractional subcritical Burgers equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2018, 38 (5) : 2229-2249. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018092
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