July  1999, 5(3): 685-695. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1999.5.685

Smoothing effects for some derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations

1. 

Department of Applied Mathematics, Science University of Tokyo, 1-3, Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162

2. 

Instituto de Física y Matemáticas, Universidad Michoacana, AP 2-82, CP 58040, Morelia, Michoacana

3. 

Department of Applied Mathematics, Science University of Tokyo,Tokyo 162-8601, Japan

Received  July 1998 Revised  April 1999 Published  May 1999

In this paper we study a smoothing property of solutions to the Cauchy problem for the nonlinear Schrödinger equations of derivative type:

$iu_t + u_{x x} = \mathcal N(u, \bar u, u_x, \bar u_x), \quad t \in \mathbf R,\ x\in \mathbf R;\quad u(0, x) = u_0(x),\ x\in \mathbf R,\qquad$ (A)

where $\mathcal N(u, \bar u, u_x, \bar u_x) = K_1|u|^2u+K_2|u|^2u_x +K_3u^2\bar u_x +K_4|u_x|^2u+K_5\bar u$ $u_x^2 +K_6|u_x|^2u_x$, the functions $K_j = K_j (|u|^2)$, $K_j(z)\in C^\infty ([0, \infty))$. If the nonlinear terms $\mathcal N =\frac{\bar{u} u_x^2}{1+|u|^2}$, then equation (A) appears in the classical pseudospin magnet model [16]. Our purpose in this paper is to consider the case when the nonlinearity $\mathcal N$ depends both on $u_x$ and $\bar u_x$. We prove that if the initial data $u_0\in H^{3, \infty}$ and the norms $||u_0||_{3, l}$ are sufficiently small for any $l\in N$, (when $\mathcal N$ depends on $\bar u_x$), then for some time $T > 0$ there exists a unique solution $u\in C^\infty ([-T, T]$\ $\{0\};\ C^\infty(\mathbb R))$ of the Cauchy problem (A). Here $H^{m, s} = \{\varphi \in \mathbf L^2;\ ||\varphi||_{m, s}<\infty \}$, $||\varphi||_{m, s}=||(1+x^2)^{s/2}(1-\partial_x^2)^{m/2}\varphi||_{\mathbf L^2}, \mathbf H^{m, \infty}=\cap_{s\geq 1} H^{m, s}.$

Citation: Nakao Hayashi, Pavel I. Naumkin, Patrick-Nicolas Pipolo. Smoothing effects for some derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 1999, 5 (3) : 685-695. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1999.5.685
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