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July  2016, 15(4): 1371-1399. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016.15.1371

## On well-posedness of the plasma-vacuum interface problem: the case of non-elliptic interface symbol

 1 Sobolev Institute of Mathematics, Koptyug av. 4, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

Received  December 2015 Revised  January 2015 Published  April 2015

We consider the plasma-vacuum interface problem in a classical statement when in the plasma region the flow is governed by the equations of ideal compressible magnetohydrodynamics, while in the vacuum region the magnetic field obeys the div-curl system of pre-Maxwell dynamics. The local-in-time existence and uniqueness of the solution to this problem in suitable anisotropic Sobolev spaces was proved in [17], provided that at each point of the initial interface the plasma density is strictly positive and the magnetic fields on either side of the interface are not collinear. The non-collinearity condition appears as the requirement that the symbol associated to the interface is elliptic. We now consider the case when this symbol is not elliptic and study the linearized problem, provided that the unperturbed plasma and vacuum non-zero magnetic fields are collinear on the interface. We prove a basic a priori $L^2$ estimate for this problem under the (generalized) Rayleigh-Taylor sign condition $[\partial q/\partial N]<0$ on the jump of the normal derivative of the unperturbed total pressure satisfied at each point of the interface. By constructing an Hadamard-type ill-posedness example for the frozen coefficients linearized problem we show that the simultaneous failure of the non-collinearity condition and the Rayleigh-Taylor sign condition leads to Rayleigh-Taylor instability.
Citation: Yuri Trakhinin. On well-posedness of the plasma-vacuum interface problem: the case of non-elliptic interface symbol. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2016, 15 (4) : 1371-1399. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016.15.1371
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