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November  2014, 13(6): 2713-2731. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.2713

## Positive radial solutions for elliptic equations on exterior domains with nonlinear boundary conditions

 1 Department of Mathematics & Statistics, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762 2 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, United States 3 Department of Mathematics Education, Pusan National University, Busan, 609-735 4 Department of Mathematics Education, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea

Received  November 2013 Revised  March 2014 Published  July 2014

We study positive radial solutions to the boundary value problem \begin{eqnarray} -\Delta u = \lambda K(|x|)f(u), \quad x \in \Omega, \\ \frac{\partial u}{\partial \eta}+\tilde{c}(u)u = 0, \quad |x|=r_0, \\ u(x) \rightarrow 0, \quad |x|\rightarrow \infty, \end{eqnarray} where $\Delta u=div \big(\nabla u\big)$ is the Laplacian of $u$, $\lambda$ is a positive parameter, $\Omega=\{x \in \mathbb{R}^N| N>2, |x|> r_0 \mbox{ with }r_0>0\}$, $K:[r_0, \infty)\rightarrow(0,\infty)$ is a continuous function such that $\lim_{r \rightarrow \infty}K(r)=0$, $\frac{\partial}{\partial \eta}$ is the outward normal derivative, and $\tilde{c}:[0,\infty) \rightarrow (0,\infty)$ is a continuous function. We consider various $C^1$ classes of the reaction term $f:[0,\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ that are sublinear at $\infty$ $(i.e. \lim_{s \rightarrow \infty}\frac{f(s)}{s}=0)$. In particular, we discuss existence and multiplicity results for classes of $f$ with $(a)$ $f(0)>0$, $(b)$ $f(0)<0$, and $(c)$ $f(0)=0$. We establish our existence and multiplicity results via the method of sub-super solutions. We also discuss some uniqueness results.
Citation: Dagny Butler, Eunkyung Ko, Eun Kyoung Lee, R. Shivaji. Positive radial solutions for elliptic equations on exterior domains with nonlinear boundary conditions. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (6) : 2713-2731. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.2713
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