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DCDS

We study the blow-up problem for a superlinear heat equation
\begin{equation}
\label{eq:P}
\tag{P}
\left\{
\begin{array}{ll}
\partial_t u = \epsilon \Delta u + f(u), x\in\Omega, \,\,\, t>0, \\
u(x,t)=0, x\in\partial\Omega, \,\,\, t>0, \\
u(x,0)=\varphi(x)\ge 0\, (\not\equiv 0), x\in\Omega,
\end{array}
\right.
\end{equation}
where $\partial_t=\partial/\partial t$, $\epsilon>0$ is a sufficiently small constant, $N\ge 1$, $\Omega\subset {\bf R}^N$ is a domain,
$\varphi\in C^2(\Omega)\cap C(\overline{\Omega})$ is a nonnegative bounded function,
and $f$ is a positive convex function in $(0,\infty)$.
In [10], the author of this paper and Ishige characterized the location of the blow-up set
for problem (p) with $f(u)=u^p$ ($p>1$)
with the aid of the invariance of the equation under some scale transformation for the solution,
which played an important role in their argument.
However, due to the lack of such scale invariance for problem (p),
we can not apply their argument directly to problem (p).
In this paper we introduce a new transformation for the solution of problem (p),
which is a generalization of the scale transformation introduced in [10],
and generalize the argument of [10].
In particular, we show the relationship between the blow-up set for problem (p)
and pointedness of the initial function under suitable assumptions on $f$.

keywords:
Superlinear heat equation
,
blow-up set
,
blow-up problem
,
comparison principle.
,
small diusion

CPAA

This paper concerns the blow-up problem for a semilinear heat equation

$\begin{equation}\label{eq:P}\tag{P}≤\left\{\begin{array}{ll}\partial_t u=Δ u+u^p, &x∈ Ω, \, \, \, t>0, \\ u(x, t)=0, &x∈\partialΩ, \, \, \, t>0, \\ u(x, 0)=u_0(x)≥ 0, &x∈ Ω, \end{array}\right.\end{equation}$ |

where

,

,

,

,

is a bounded continuous function in

. For the case

for some function

and a sufficiently large

, it is known that the solution blows up only near the maximum points of

under suitable assumptions. Furthermore, if

has several maximum points, then the blow-up set for (P) is characterized by

at its maximum points. However, for initial data

, it seems difficult to obtain further information on the blow-up set such that effect of higher order derivatives of initial data. In this paper, we consider another type large initial data

and study the relationship between the blow-up set for (P) and higher order derivatives of initial data.

$\partial_t=\partial/\partial t$ |

$p>1$ |

$N≥ 1$ |

$Ω\subset {\bf R}^N$ |

$u_0$ |

$\overline{Ω}$ |

$u_0(x)=λ\varphi(x)$ |

$\varphi$ |

$λ>0$ |

$\varphi$ |

$\varphi$ |

$Δ\varphi$ |

$u_0(x)=λ\varphi(x)$ |

$u_0(x)=λ+\varphi(x)$ |

keywords:
Semilinear heat equation
,
blow-up problem
,
blow-up set
,
large initial data
,
comparison principle

## Year of publication

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