Exact behavior of positive solutions to elliptic equations with multi-singular inverse square potentials
Lei Wei Xiyou Cheng Zhaosheng Feng
In this paper, we study the elliptic equation with a multi-singular inverse square potential $$-\Delta u=\mu\sum_{i=1}^{k}\frac{u}{|x-a_i|^2}-u^p,\ \ x\in \mathbb{R}^N\backslash\{a_i:i\in K\},$$ where $N\geq 3$, $p>1$ and $\mu>(N-2)^2/4k$. In our discussions, the domain is the entire space, and the equation contains multiple singular points. We not only demonstrate the behavior of positive solutions near each singular point $a_i$, but also obtain the behavior of positive solutions as $|x|\rightarrow \infty$. Under suitable conditions, we show that the equation has a unique positive solution $w$, which satisfies $$\lim\limits_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}\frac{w(x)}{|x|^{-\frac{2}{p-1}}}=\left[k\mu+\frac{2}{p-1}\left(\frac{2}{p-1}+2-N\right)\right]^{1/(p-1)}$$ and $$\lim\limits_{|x-a_i|\rightarrow 0}\frac{w(x)}{|x-a_i|^{-\frac{2}{p-1}}}=\left[\mu+\frac{2}{p-1}\left(\frac{2}{p-1}+2-N\right)\right]^{1/(p-1)}.$$
keywords: Hardy potential uniqueness. supersolution elliptic equations subsolution multi-singular points

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