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We consider evolution inclusions driven by a time dependent subdifferential plus a multivalued perturbation. We look for periodic solutions. We prove existence results for the convex problem (convex valued perturbation), for the nonconvex problem (nonconvex valued perturbation) and for extremal trajectories (solutions passing from the extreme points of the multivalued perturbation). We also prove a strong relaxation theorem showing that each solution of the convex problem can be approximated in the supremum norm by extremal solutions. Finally we present some examples illustrating these results.

The content of this paper is at the interplay between function spaces $L^{p(x)}$ and $W^{k, p(x)}$ with variable exponents and fractional Sobolev spaces $W^{s, p}$. We are concerned with some qualitative properties of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s, q(x), p(x, y)}$, where $q$ and $p$ are variable exponents and $s∈ (0, 1)$. We also study a related nonlocal operator, which is a fractional version of the nonhomogeneous $p(x)$-Laplace operator. The abstract results established in this paper are applied in the variational analysis of a class of nonlocal fractional problems with several variable exponents.

*Variational Methods for Non-Linear Boundary-Value Problems*. He continued with a Doctorat d'État

*Fonctions de Green Discrètes et Principe du Maximum Discret*) at the University of Paris in 1971 and his advisor was Professor Jacques-Louis Lions.

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We study perturbations of the eigenvalue problem for the negative Laplacian plus an indefinite and unbounded potential and Robin boundary condition. First we consider the case of a sublinear perturbation and then of a superlinear perturbation. For the first case we show that for $ λ<\widehat{λ}_{1}$ ($ \widehat{λ}_{1}$ being the principal eigenvalue) there is one positive solution which is unique under additional conditions on the perturbation term. For $ λ≥q\widehat{λ}_{1}$ there are no positive solutions. In the superlinear case, for $ λ<\widehat{λ}_{1}$ we have at least two positive solutions and for $ λ≥q\widehat{λ}_{1}$ there are no positive solutions. For both cases we establish the existence of a minimal positive solution $ \bar{u}_{λ}$ and we investigate the properties of the map $ λ\mapsto\bar{u}_{λ}$.

We consider perturbations of nonlinear eigenvalue problems driven by a nonhomogeneous differential operator plus an indefinite potential. We consider both sublinear and superlinear perturbations and we determine how the set of positive solutions changes as the real parameter $λ$ varies. We also show that there exists a minimal positive solution $\overline{u}_λ$ and determine the monotonicity and continuity properties of the map $λ\mapsto\overline{u}_λ$. Special attention is given to the particular case of the $p$-Laplacian.

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