On the Closing Lemma problem for the torus
Simon Lloyd
We investigate the open Closing Lemma problem for vector fields on the $2$-dimensional torus. The local $C^r$ Closing Lemma is verified for smooth vector fields that are area-preserving at all saddle points. Namely, given such a $C^r$ vector field $X$, $r\geq 4$, with a non-trivially recurrent point $p$, there exists a vector field $Y$ arbitrarily near to $X$ in the $C^r$ topology and obtained from $X$ by a twist perturbation, such that $p$ is a periodic point of $Y$.
   The proof relies on a new result in $1$-dimensional dynamics on the non-existence of semi-wandering intervals of smooth order-preserving circle maps.
keywords: Cherry flow Black cell. Wandering interval Denjoy theorem
Transitive circle exchange transformations with flips
Carlos Gutierrez Simon Lloyd Vladislav Medvedev Benito Pires Evgeny Zhuzhoma
We study the existence of transitive exchange transformations with flips defined on the unit circle $S^1$. We provide a complete answer to the question of whether there exists a transitive exchange transformation of $S^1$ defined on $n$ subintervals and having $f$ flips.
keywords: orientation reversing. interval exchange transformation Rauzy induction
A semi-invertible Oseledets Theorem with applications to transfer operator cocycles
Gary Froyland Simon Lloyd Anthony Quas
Oseledets' celebrated Multiplicative Ergodic Theorem (MET) [V.I. Oseledec, A multiplicative ergodic theorem. Characteristic Ljapunov, exponents of dynamical systems, Trudy Moskov. Mat. Obšč. 19 (1968), 179--210.] is concerned with the exponential growth rates of vectors under the action of a linear cocycle on $\mathbb{R}^d$. When the linear actions are invertible, the MET guarantees an almost-everywhere pointwise splitting of $\mathbb{R}^d$ into subspaces of distinct exponential growth rates (called Lyapunov exponents). When the linear actions are non-invertible, Oseledets' MET only yields the existence of a filtration of subspaces, the elements of which contain all vectors that grow no faster than exponential rates given by the Lyapunov exponents. The authors recently demonstrated [G. Froyland, S. Lloyd, and A. Quas, Coherent structures and exceptional spectrum for Perron--Frobenius cocycles, Ergodic Theory and Dynam. Systems 30 (2010), , 729--756.] that a splitting over $\mathbb{R}^d$ is guaranteed without the invertibility assumption on the linear actions. Motivated by applications of the MET to cocycles of (non-invertible) transfer operators arising from random dynamical systems, we demonstrate the existence of an Oseledets splitting for cocycles of quasi-compact non-invertible linear operators on Banach spaces.
keywords: covariant vector Lyapunov vector Multiplicative ergodic theorem equivariant subspace.

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