Long-term stability for KdV solitons in weighted $H^s$ spaces
In this work, we consider the stability of solitons for the KdV equation below the energy space, using spatially-exponentially-weighted norms. Using a combination of the I-method and spectral analysis following Pego and Weinstein, we are able to show that, in the exponentially weighted space, the perturbation of a soliton decays exponentially for arbitrarily long times. The finite time restriction is due to a lack of global control of the unweighted perturbation.
keywords: Korteweg-de Vries equation soliton asymptotic stability traveling waves stability

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