American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

Journals

IPI
Inverse Problems & Imaging 2018, 12(3): 545-572 doi: 10.3934/ipi.2018024

In some practical applications of computed tomography (CT) imaging, the projections of an object are obtained within a limited-angle range due to the restriction of the scanning environment. In this situation, conventional analytic algorithms, such as filtered backprojection (FBP), will not work because the projections are incomplete. An image reconstruction algorithm based on total variation minimization (TVM) can significantly reduce streak artifacts in sparse-view reconstruction, but it will not effectively suppress slope artifacts when dealing with limited-angle reconstruction problems. To solve this problem, we consider a family of image reconstruction model based on $\ell_{0}$ and $\ell_{2}$ regularizations for limited-angle CT and prove the existence of a solution for two CT reconstruction models. The Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM)-like method is utilized to solve our model. Furthermore, we prove the convergence of our algorithm under certain conditions. Some numerical experiments are used to evaluate the performance of our algorithm and the results indicate that our algorithm has advantage in suppressing slope artifacts.

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IPI
Inverse Problems & Imaging 2017, 11(6): 917-948 doi: 10.3934/ipi.2017043

The limited-angle projection data of an object, in some practical applications of computed tomography (CT), are obtained due to the restriction of scanning condition. In these situations, since the projection data are incomplete, some limited-angle artifacts will be presented near the edges of reconstructed image using some classical reconstruction algorithms, such as filtered backprojection (FBP). The reconstructed image can be fine approximated by sparse coefficients under a proper wavelet tight frame, and the quality of reconstructed image can be improved by an available prior image. To deal with limited-angle CT reconstruction problem, we propose a minimization model that is based on wavelet tight frame and a prior image, and perform this minimization problem efficiently by iteratively minimizing separately. Moreover, we show that each bounded sequence, which is generated by our method, converges to a critical or a stationary point. The experimental results indicate that our algorithm can efficiently suppress artifacts and noise and preserve the edges of reconstructed image, what's more, the introduced prior image will not miss the important information that is not included in the prior image.

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JIMO
Journal of Industrial & Management Optimization 2019, 15(1): 401-427 doi: 10.3934/jimo.2018059

This paper studies a multi-period portfolio selection problem for retirees during the decumulation phase. We set a series of investment targets over time and aim to minimize the expected losses from the time of retirement to the time of compulsory annuitization by using a quadratic loss function. A target greater than the expected wealth is given and the corresponding explicit expressions for the optimal investment strategy are obtained. In addition, the withdrawal amount for daily life is assumed to be a linear function of the wealth level. Then according to the parameter value settings in the linear function, the withdrawal mechanism is classified as deterministic withdrawal, proportional withdrawal or combined withdrawal. The properties of the investment strategies, targets, bankruptcy probabilities and accumulated withdrawal amounts are compared under the three withdrawal mechanisms. Finally, numerical illustrations are presented to analyze the effects of the final target and the interest rate on some obtained results.

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