Algebraically periodic translation surfaces
Kariane Calta John Smillie
We develop an algebraic framework for studying translation surfaces. We study the Sah--Arnoux--Fathi-invariant and the collection of directions in which it vanishes. We show that these directions are described by a number field which we call the periodic direction field. We study the $J$-invariant of a translation surface, introduced by Kenyon and Smillie and used by Calta. We relate the $J$-invariant to the periodic direction field. For every number field $K\subset\ \mathbb R$ we show that there is a translation surface for which the periodic direction field is $K$. We study automorphism groups associated to a translation surface and relate them to the $J$-invariant. We relate the existence of decompositions of translation surfaces into squares with the total reality of the periodic direction field.
keywords: SAF-invariant. translation surfaces J-invariant algebraic periodicity

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