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We introduce a new approach based on the coupling of the method of quasi-reversibility and a simple level set method in order to solve the inverse obstacle problem with Dirichlet boundary condition. We provide a theoretical justification of our approach and illustrate its feasibility with the help of numerical experiments in $2D$.
Electrical impedance tomography is a noninvasive imaging technique for recovering the admittivity distribution inside a body from boundary measurements of current and voltage. In practice, impedance tomography suffers from inaccurate modelling of the measurement setting: The exact electrode locations and the shape of the imaged object are not necessarily known precisely. In this work, we tackle the problem with imperfect electrode information by introducing the Fréchet derivative of the boundary measurement map of impedance tomography with respect to the electrode shapes and locations. This enables us to include the fine-tuning of the information on the electrode positions as a part of a Newton-type output least squares reconstruction algorithm; we demonstrate that this approach is feasible via a two-dimensional numerical example based on simulated data. The impedance tomography measurements are modelled by the complete electrode model, which is in good agreement with real-life electrode measurements.
We apply an ``exterior approach" based on the coupling of a method of quasi-reversibility and of a level set method in order to recover a fixed obstacle immersed in a Stokes flow from boundary measurements. Concerning the method of quasi-reversibility, two new mixed formulations are introduced in order to solve the ill-posed Cauchy problems for the Stokes system by using some classical conforming finite elements. We provide some proofs for the convergence of the quasi-reversibility methods on the one hand and of the level set method on the other hand. Some numerical experiments in $2D$ show the efficiency of the two mixed formulations and of the exterior approach based on one of them.
Application of mixed formulations of quasi-reversibility to solve ill-posed problems for heat and wave equations: The 1D case
In this paper we address some ill-posed problems involving the heat or the wave equation in one dimension, in particular the backward heat equation and the heat/wave equation with lateral Cauchy data. The main objective is to introduce some variational mixed formulations of quasi-reversibility which enable us to solve these ill-posed problems by using some classical Lagrange finite elements. The inverse obstacle problems with initial condition and lateral Cauchy data for heat/wave equation are also considered, by using an elementary level set method combined with the quasi-reversibility method. Some numerical experiments are presented to illustrate the feasibility for our strategy in all those situations.
We study the iterated quasi-reversibility method to regularize ill-posed elliptic and parabolic problems: data completion problems for Poisson's and heat equations. We define an abstract setting to treat both equations at once. We demonstrate the convergence of the regularized solution to the exact one, and propose a strategy to deal with noise on the data. We present numerical experiments for both problems: a two-dimensional corrosion detection problem and the one-dimensional heat equation with lateral data. In both cases, the method proves to be efficient even with highly corrupted data.
In this work, we present some new Carleman inequalities for Stokes and Oseen equations with non-homogeneous boundary conditions. These estimates lead to log type stability inequalities for the problem of recovering the solution of the Stokes and Navier-Stokes equations from both boundary and distributed observations. These inequalities fit the well-known unique continuation result of Fabre and Lebeau : the distributed observation only depends on interior measurement of the velocity, and the boundary observation only depends on the trace of the velocity and of the Cauchy stress tensor measurements. Finally, we present two applications for such inequalities. First, we apply these estimates to obtain stability inequalities for the inverse problem of recovering Navier or Robin boundary coefficients from boundary measurements. Next, we use these estimates to deduce the rate of convergence of two reconstruction methods of the Stokes solution from the measurement of Cauchy data: a quasi-reversibility method and a penalized Kohn-Vogelius method.
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