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DCDS-S

The workshop

We particularly emphasize that most articles are devoted to mathematically challenging issues in applied sciences and industrial applications. The optimal control and model reduction presented by S. Nicaise et al. arise from electromagnetic flow measurement in the real world. The contribution by G. Beck et al. focuses on a generalized telegrapher's model which describes the propagation of electromagnetic waves in non-homogeneous conductor cables with multi-wires. The numerical analysis of boundary integral formulations carried out by K. Schmidt et al. is motivated by asymptotic models for thin conducting sheets. The integral equation system established by B. Bugert et al. and the analysis and experiments performed by H. Gross et al. make new contributions to direct and inverse electromagnetic scattering from diffraction gratings, respectively. The locating and inversion schemes for detecting unknown configurations proposed by H. Ammari, G. Bao, J. Li and X. Liu et al. could be important and useful in radar and medical imaging, non-destructive testing and geophysical exploration. Last but not least, one can also find important mathematical applications regarding the estimate of the second Maxwell eigenvalues obtained by D. Pauly and the regularity of solutions to Maxwell's system at low frequencies due to P-E. Druet.

We hope the presented papers will find a large audience and they may stimulate novel studies on electromagnetism. Finally we would like to express our gratitude to the Research Center MATHEON and the Weierstrass Institute, whose financial support made the workshop possible.

*Electromagnetics-Modelling, Simulation, Control and Industrial Applications*was held at Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin during May 13-17, 2013. Organizers of this workshop were Dietmar Hömberg (WIAS), Ronald H. W. Hoppe (University of Augsburg/University of Houston), Olaf Klein (WIAS), Jürgen Sprekels (WIAS) and Fredi Tröltzsch (Technical University of Berlin). More than sixty researchers from mathematical, physical, engineering and industrial communities participated in this scientific meeting. This special issue of DCDS-S, which contains eleven research-level articles, is based on the talks presented during the workshop. Electromagnetism plays an important role in many modern high-technological applications. Our workshop brought together prominent worldwide experts from academia and industry to discuss recent achievements and future trends of modelling, computations and analysis in electromagnetics. The contributions to this volume cover the following topics: finite and boundary element discretization methods for the electromagnetic field equations in frequency and time domain, optimal control and model reduction for multi-physics problems involving electromagnetics, mathematical analysis of Maxwell's equations as well as direct and inverse scattering problems.We particularly emphasize that most articles are devoted to mathematically challenging issues in applied sciences and industrial applications. The optimal control and model reduction presented by S. Nicaise et al. arise from electromagnetic flow measurement in the real world. The contribution by G. Beck et al. focuses on a generalized telegrapher's model which describes the propagation of electromagnetic waves in non-homogeneous conductor cables with multi-wires. The numerical analysis of boundary integral formulations carried out by K. Schmidt et al. is motivated by asymptotic models for thin conducting sheets. The integral equation system established by B. Bugert et al. and the analysis and experiments performed by H. Gross et al. make new contributions to direct and inverse electromagnetic scattering from diffraction gratings, respectively. The locating and inversion schemes for detecting unknown configurations proposed by H. Ammari, G. Bao, J. Li and X. Liu et al. could be important and useful in radar and medical imaging, non-destructive testing and geophysical exploration. Last but not least, one can also find important mathematical applications regarding the estimate of the second Maxwell eigenvalues obtained by D. Pauly and the regularity of solutions to Maxwell's system at low frequencies due to P-E. Druet.

We hope the presented papers will find a large audience and they may stimulate novel studies on electromagnetism. Finally we would like to express our gratitude to the Research Center MATHEON and the Weierstrass Institute, whose financial support made the workshop possible.

keywords:

IPI

Assume a time-harmonic electromagnetic wave is scattered by an infinitely long cylindrical conductor surrounded
by an unknown piecewise homogenous medium remaining invariant along the cylinder axis. We prove that, in TM mode, the far field patterns for all incident and observation directions at a fixed frequency uniquely determine the unknown surrounding medium as well as the shape of the cylindrical conductor. A similar uniqueness result is obtained for the scattering by multilayered penetrable periodic structures in a piecewise homogeneous medium. The periodic interfaces and refractive indices can be uniquely identified from the near field data measured only above (or below) the structure for all quasi-periodic incident waves with a fixed phase-shift. The proofs are based on the singularity of the Green function to a two dimensional elliptic equation with piecewise constant leading coefficients.

IPI

Consider a time-harmonic acoustic wave incident onto a doubly periodic (biperiodic) interface from
a homogeneous compressible inviscid fluid. The region below the interface is supposed to be an isotropic linearly elastic solid. This paper is concerned with the inverse fluid-solid interaction (FSI) problem of recovering the unbounded periodic interface separating the fluid and solid. We provide a theoretical justification of
the factorization method for precisely characterizing the region occupied by the elastic solid by utilizing the scattered acoustic waves measured in the fluid. A computational criterion and a uniqueness result are presented with infinitely many incident acoustic waves having common quasiperiodicity parameters. Numerical examples in 2D are demonstrated to show the validity and accuracy of the inversion algorithm.

IPI

Consider the two-dimensional inverse elastic scattering problem of recovering a piecewise linear
rigid rough or periodic surface of rectangular type for which the neighboring line segments are always perpendicular. We prove the global uniqueness
with at most two incident elastic plane waves by using near-field data.
If the Lamé constants satisfy a certain condition, then
the data of a single plane wave is sufficient to imply the uniqueness.
Our proof is based on a transcendental equation for the Navier equation,
which is derived from the expansion of analytic solutions to the Helmholtz
equation. The uniqueness results apply also to an inverse scattering problem
for non-convex bounded rigid bodies of rectangular type.

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