Investigation of the long-time evolution of localized solutions of a dispersive wave system

Pages: 139 - 148, Issue special, November 2013

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C. I. Christov - Dept. of Mathematics, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, LA, United States (email)
M. D. Todorov - Dept. of Applied Mathematics and Informatics, Technical University of Sofia, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria (email)

Abstract: We consider the long-time evolution of the solution of an energy-consistent system with dispersion and nonlinearity, which is the progenitor of the different Boussinesq equations. Unlike the classical Boussinesq models, the energy-consistent one possesses Galilean invariance. As initial condition we use the superposition of two analytical one-soliton solutions. We use a strongly dynamical implicit difference scheme with internal iterations, which allows us to follow the evolution of the solution at very long times. We focus on the behavior of traveling localized solutions developing from critical initial data. The main solitary waves appear virtually undeformed from the interaction, but additional oscillations are excited at the trailing edge of each one of them. We track their evolution for very long times when they tend to adopt a self-similar shape. We test a hypothesis about the dependence on time of the amplitude and the support of Airy-function shaped coherent structures. The investigation elucidates the mechanism of evolution of interacting solitary waves in the energy-consistent Boussinesq equation.

Keywords:  Energy-consistent Boussinesq paradigm, dispersive wave system, long-time evolution, self-similar solutions.
Mathematics Subject Classification:  Primary: 65M06, 35Q53; Secondary: 35Q51.

Received: October 2012; Published: November 2013.