An equation-free approach
to coarse-graining the dynamics of networks
Katherine A. Bold - Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics (PACM), Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, United States (email)
Abstract: We propose and illustrate an approach to coarse-graining the dynamics of evolving networks, i.e., networks whose connectivity changes dynamically. The approach is based on the equation-free framework: short bursts of detailed network evolution simulations are coupled with lifting and restriction operators that translate between actual network realizations and their appropriately chosen coarse observables. This framework is used here to accelerate temporal simulations through coarse projective integration, and to implement coarse-grained fixed point algorithms through matrix-free Newton-Krylov. The approach is illustrated through a very simple network evolution example, for which analytical approximations to the coarse-grained dynamics can be independently obtained, so as to validate the computational results. The scope and applicability of the approach, as well as the issue of selection of good coarse observables are discussed.
Keywords: Complex networks, network evolution, equation-free approach, coarsegraining,
Received: February 2012; Revised: October 2012; Available Online: April 2014.