Mathematical Control and Related Fields (MCRF)

Control of a Korteweg-de Vries equation: A tutorial

Pages: 45 - 99, Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2014      doi:10.3934/mcrf.2014.4.45

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Eduardo Cerpa - Departamento de Matemática, Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María, Avda. España 1680, Casilla 110-V, Valparaíso, Chile (email)

Abstract: These notes are intended to be a tutorial material revisiting in an almost self-contained way, some control results for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation posed on a bounded interval. We address the topics of boundary controllability and internal stabilization for this nonlinear control system. Concerning controllability, homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions are considered and a control is put on the Neumann boundary condition at the right end-point of the interval. We show the existence of some critical domains for which the linear KdV equation is not controllable. In despite of that, we prove that in these cases the nonlinearity gives the exact controllability. Regarding stabilization, we study the problem where all the boundary conditions are homogeneous. We add an internal damping mechanism in order to force the solutions of the KdV equation to decay exponentially to the origin in $L^2$-norm.

Keywords:  Korteweg-de Vries equation, controllability, stabilization, critical domain, nonlinear control.
Mathematics Subject Classification:  Primary: 93C20, 35Q53; Secondary: 93B05, 93D15.

Received: January 2012;      Revised: January 2013;      Available Online: December 2013.