Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B (DCDS-B)

Convergence analysis of the numerical method for the primitive equations formulated in mean vorticity on a Cartesian grid

Pages: 1143 - 1172, Volume 4, Issue 4, November 2004      doi:10.3934/dcdsb.2004.4.1143

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Cheng Wang - Department of Mathematics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, United States (email)

Abstract: A second order numerical method for the primitive equations (PEs) of large-scale oceanic flow formulated in mean vorticity is proposed and analyzed, and the full convergence in $L^2$ is established. In the reformulation of the PEs, the prognostic equation for the horizontal velocity is replaced by evolutionary equations for the mean vorticity field and the vertical derivative of the horizontal velocity. The total velocity field (both horizontal and vertical) is statically determined by differential equations at each fixed horizontal point. The standard centered difference approximation is applied to the prognostic equations and the determination of numerical values for the total velocity field is implemented by FFT-based solvers. Stability of such solvers are established and the convergence analysis for the whole scheme is provided in detail.

Keywords:  Primitive equations, mean vorticity, mean stream function, convergence analysis.
Mathematics Subject Classification:  35Q35, 65M06, 65M12, 86A10.

Received: September 2002;      Revised: February 2004;      Available Online: August 2004.