ISSN:

2158-2491

eISSN:

2158-2505

## Journal of Computational Dynamics

June 2017 , Volume 4 , Issue 1&2

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**Abstract:**

We introduce a data-based approach to estimating key quantities which arise in the study of nonlinear control systems and random nonlinear dynamical systems. Our approach hinges on the observation that much of the existing linear theory may be readily extended to nonlinear systems -with a reasonable expectation of success -once the nonlinear system has been mapped into a high or infinite dimensional feature space. In particular, we embed a nonlinear system in a reproducing kernel Hilbert space where linear theory can be used to develop computable, non-parametric estimators approximating controllability and observability energy functions for nonlinear systems. In all cases the relevant quantities are estimated from simulated or observed data. It is then shown that the controllability energy estimator provides a key means for approximating the invariant measure of an ergodic, stochastically forced nonlinear system.

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**Abstract:**

This work is concerned with efficient numerical methods for computing high order Taylor and Fourier-Taylor approximations of unstable manifolds attached to equilibrium and periodic solutions of delay differential equations. In our approach we first reformulate the delay differential equation as an ordinary differential equation on an appropriate Banach space. Then we extend the Parameterization Method for ordinary differential equations so that we can define operator equations whose solutions are charts or covering maps for the desired invariant manifolds of the delay system. Finally we develop formal series solutions of the operator equations. Order-by-order calculations lead to linear recurrence equations for the coefficients of the formal series solutions. These recurrence equations are solved numerically to any desired degree.

The method lends itself to a-posteriori error analysis, and recovers the dynamics on the manifold in addition to the embedding. Moreover, the manifold is not required to be a graph, hence the method is able to follow folds in the embedding. In order to demonstrate the utility of our approach we numerically implement the method for some 1, 2, 3 and 4 dimensional unstable manifolds in problems with constant, and (briefly) state dependent delays.

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We develop general methods for rigorously computing continuous branches of bifurcation points of equilibria, specifically focusing on fold points and on pitchfork bifurcations which are forced through

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**Abstract:**

We establish a set-oriented algorithm for the numerical approximation of the rotation set of homeomorphisms of the two-torus homotopic to the identity. A theoretical background is given by the concept of

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Canard orbits are relevant objects in slow-fast dynamical systems that organize the spiraling of orbits nearby. In three-dimensional vector fields with two slow and one fast variables, canard orbits arise from the intersection between an attracting and a repelling two-dimensional slow manifold. Special points called folded nodes generate such intersections: in a suitable transverse two-dimensional section Σ, the attracting and repelling slow manifolds are counter-rotating spirals that intersect in a finite number of points. We present an implementation of Lin's method that is able to detect all of these intersection points and, hence, all of the canard orbits arising from a folded node. With a boundary-value-problem setup we compute orbit segments on each slow manifold up to Σ, where we require that the corresponding end points in Σ lie in a one-dimensional subspace known as the Lin space *Z*. The Lin space *Z* must be transverse to the slow manifolds and it remains fixed during the detection of canard orbits as zeros of the signed distance along *Z*. During the computation, a tangency of *Z* with one of the intersection curves in Σ may arise. To overcome this, we update the Lin space at an intermediate continuation step to detect a double tangency of *Z* to both curves in Σ, after which the canard detection is able to continue. Our method is demonstrated with the examples of the normal form for a folded node and of the Koper model.

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