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Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S

2016 , Volume 9 , Issue 6

Issue dedicated to Professor Boling Guo on the occasion of his 80th birthday

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Zhouping Xin and  Tong Yang
2016, 9(6): i-ii doi: 10.3934/dcdss.201606i +[Abstract](24) +[PDF](9733.8KB)
This special issue of DCDS is dedicated to Prof. Boling Guo on the occasion of his 80th birthday.

For more information please click the “Full Text” above.
Initial boundary value problem for two-dimensional viscous Boussinesq equations for MHD convection
Dongfen Bian
2016, 9(6): 1591-1611 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016065 +[Abstract](39) +[PDF](451.0KB)
This paper is concerned with the initial boundary value problem for two-dimensional viscous Boussinesq equations for MHD convection. We show that the system has a unique classical solution for $H^3$ initial data, and the non-slip boundary condition for velocity field and the perfectly conducting wall condition for magnetic field. In addition, we show that the kinetic energy is uniformly bounded in time.
Sharp variational characterization and a Schrödinger equation with Hartree type nonlinearity
Jianqing Chen
2016, 9(6): 1613-1628 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016066 +[Abstract](40) +[PDF](445.4KB)
In this paper, we first give a sharp variational characterization to the smallest positive constant $C_{VGN}$ in the following Variant Gagliardo-Nirenberg interpolation inequality: $$ \int_{\mathbb{R}^N\times\mathbb{R}^N}{{|u(x)|^p|u(y)|^p}\over{|x-y|^\alpha}}dxdy\leq C_{VGN} \|\nabla u\|_{L^2}^{N(p-2)+\alpha} \|u\|_{L^2}^{2p-(N(p-2)+\alpha)}, $$ where $u\in W^{1,2}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ and $N\geq 1$. Then we use this characterization to determine the sharp threshold of $\|\varphi_0\|_{L^2}$ such that the solution of $i\varphi_t = - \triangle \varphi + |x|^2\varphi - \varphi|\varphi|^{p-2}(|x|^{-\alpha}*|\varphi|^p)$ with initial condition $\varphi(0, x) = \varphi_0$ exists globally or blows up in a finite time. We also outline some results on the applications of $C_{VGN}$ to the Cauchy problem of $i\varphi_t = - \triangle \varphi - \varphi|\varphi|^{p-2}(|x|^{-\alpha}*|\varphi|^p)$.
The bifurcations of solitary and kink waves described by the Gardner equation
Yiren Chen and  Zhengrong Liu
2016, 9(6): 1629-1645 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016067 +[Abstract](44) +[PDF](724.8KB)
In this paper, we investigate the bifurcations of nonlinear waves described by the Gardner equation $u_{t}+a u u_{x}+b u^{2} u_{x}+\gamma u_{xxx}=0$. We obtain some new results as follows: For arbitrary given parameters $b$ and $\gamma$, we choose the parameter $a$ as bifurcation parameter. Through the phase analysis and explicit expressions of some nonlinear waves, we reveal two kinds of important bifurcation phenomena. The first phenomenon is that the solitary waves with fractional expressions can be bifurcated from three types of nonlinear waves which are solitary waves with hyperbolic expression and two types of periodic waves with elliptic expression and trigonometric expression respectively. The second phenomenon is that the kink waves can be bifurcated from the solitary waves and the singular waves.
Periodic solutions and homoclinic solutions for a Swift-Hohenberg equation with dispersion
Shengfu Deng
2016, 9(6): 1647-1662 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016068 +[Abstract](34) +[PDF](414.6KB)
We investigate the 1D Swift-Hohenberg equation with dispersion $$u_t+2u_{\xi\xi}-\sigma u_{\xi\xi\xi}+u_{\xi\xi\xi\xi}=\alpha u+\beta u^2-\gamma u^3,$$ where $\sigma, \alpha, \beta$ and $\gamma$ are constants. Even if only the stationary solutions of this equation are considered, the dispersion term $-\sigma u_{\xi\xi\xi}$ destroys the spatial reversibility which plays an important role for studying localized patterns. In this paper, we focus on its traveling wave solutions and directly apply the dynamical approach to provide the first rigorous proof of existence of the periodic solutions and the homoclinic solutions bifurcating from the origin without the reversibility condition as the parameters are varied.
Existence of positive solutions for a class of Kirchhoff type equations in $\mathbb{R}^3$
Ling Ding and  Shu-Ming Sun
2016, 9(6): 1663-1685 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016069 +[Abstract](37) +[PDF](480.4KB)
The paper deals with the following equation of Kirchhoff type, \begin{align*} & -\left ( 1+b\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}|\nabla u|^2dx\right)^r\, \right ) \Delta u+u=k(x)\left (|u|^{q-2}u+\theta g(u)\right )+\lambda h(x)u \end{align*} with $x\in \mathbb{R}^3$, where $u\in H^{1}(\mathbb{R}^3)$, $ b > 0, $ $0 < r < 2, q \in [2(r+1), 6) $, $\theta $ is a small constant, $\lambda$ is a parameter, and a weight function $h (x) \geq 0$. It is known that the linear operator $-\Delta u+u-\lambda h(x)u$ is coercive if $0<\lambda<\lambda_1(h)$ and is non-coercive if $\lambda>\lambda_1(h)$, where $\lambda_1(h)$ is the first eigenvalue of the operator $-\Delta u +u $ with the weight $h(x)$. Under suitable conditions on the functions $k(x)$ and $g(s)$, it is shown that the equation has a positive solution for any $\lambda\in(0,\lambda_1(h))$ and two positive solutions for $\lambda\in(\lambda_1(h), \lambda_1(h) + \tilde \delta )$ with $\tilde \delta > 0$ small. The conditions imposed on $k(x) $ and $g(s)$ are much weaker than those used before, thereby generalizing several existing results on the existence of positive solutions for this type of Kirchhoff equations.
Global existence and uniqueness of the solution for the fractional Schrödinger-KdV-Burgers system
Chunxiao Guo , Fan Cui and  Yongqian Han
2016, 9(6): 1687-1699 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016070 +[Abstract](38) +[PDF](372.6KB)
In this paper, we consider a fractional Schrödinger-KdV-Burgers system. First, the local existence and uniqueness of solution is obtained by contraction method. Then by some a priori estimates, global existence and uniqueness of smooth solution for this system is proved. Moreover, the regularity of the solution is improved.
Approximation of random invariant manifolds for a stochastic Swift-Hohenberg equation
Yanfeng Guo , Jinqiao Duan and  Donglong Li
2016, 9(6): 1701-1715 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016071 +[Abstract](44) +[PDF](417.9KB)
Random invariant manifolds are considered for a stochastic Swift-Hohenberg equation with multiplicative noise in the Stratonovich sense. Using a stochastic transformation and a technique of cut-off function, existence of random invariant manifolds and attracting property of the corresponding random dynamical system are obtained by Lyaponov-Perron method. Then in the sense of large probability, an approximation of invariant manifolds has been investigated and this is further used to describe the geometric shape of the invariant manifolds.
Local classical solutions of compressible Navier-Stokes-Smoluchowski equations with vacuum
Bingyuan Huang , Shijin Ding and  Huanyao Wen
2016, 9(6): 1717-1752 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016072 +[Abstract](36) +[PDF](596.6KB)
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem for compressible Navier-Stokes-Smoluchowski equations with vacuum in $\mathbb{R}^3$. We prove both existence and uniqueness of the local strong solution, and then obtain a local classical solution by deriving the smoothing effect of the strong solution for $t>0$.
Global smooth solutions for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with magnetic effect
Daiwen Huang and  Jingjun Zhang
2016, 9(6): 1753-1773 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016073 +[Abstract](46) +[PDF](478.6KB)
We consider the Cauchy problem of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with magnetic effect, and prove global existence of smooth solutions and decay estimates for suitably small initial data. The key step in our analysis is to exploit the null structures for the phases, which allow us to close our argument in the framework of space-time resonance method.
Periodic solutions of inhomogeneous Schrödinger flows into 2-sphere
Ping-Liang Huang and  Youde Wang
2016, 9(6): 1775-1795 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016074 +[Abstract](27) +[PDF](434.7KB)
In this paper,we consider the so called generalized inhomogeneous Schrödinger flows from a closed Riemann surface $M$ into the standard 2-sphere $S^2$ associated with the energy functional given by \begin{align*} E_{f,P}(u)=\int_M\left(\frac{1}{2}f|\nabla u|^2+P(u_3)\right)dV_g. \end{align*} We showed the existence of special periodic solutions to the generalized inhomogeneous Schrödinger flows from $M$ with convolution symmetry (especially $M = S^2$) into $S^2$ when the function $f$ and $P$ satisfy certain conditions respectively. Especially, we show that the inhomogeneous Heisenberg spin chain system from a closed Riemann surface with convolution symmetry admits some special periodic solutions if the coupling function $f$ satisfies some suitable conditions. We also prove that there exist an infinite number of special periodic solutions to the Landau-Lifshitz system with an external magnetic field from $S^2$ into $S^2$.
Global well-posedness for the 3D Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation in energy space $H^1$
Zhaohi Huo , Yueling Jia and  Qiaoxin Li
2016, 9(6): 1797-1851 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016075 +[Abstract](138) +[PDF](709.7KB)
The Cauchy problem of the 3D Zakharov-Kuznetsov equation $$ u_{t}+\partial_{\tilde{x}_{*,1}}\Delta u +(u^2)_{\tilde{x}_{*,1}}=0, (x,t)\in \mathbb{R}^3 \times \mathbb{R}, \ x=(\tilde{x}_{*,1},\tilde{x}_{*,2},\tilde{x}_{*,3});$$ is considered. It is shown that it is globally well-posed in energy space $H^1(\mathbb{R}^3)$. It answer an open problem: Is it globally well-posed in energy space $H^1 (\mathbb{R}^3)$ for 3D Z-K equtation [10,12,13]?
    Moreover, in 4-D and more higher dimension, it is shown that it is locally well-posed in $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ with $n\geq 4$.
    The method in this paper combine the linear property of the equation (dispersive property) with nonlinear property of the equation (energy inequality). We mainly extend the spaces $\mathbf{F}^s$ and $\mathbf{N}^s$ in one dimension [4] to higher dimension.
Nonlinear Rayleigh-Taylor instability for nonhomogeneous incompressible viscous magnetohydrodynamic flows
Fei Jiang , Song Jiang and  Weiwei Wang
2016, 9(6): 1853-1898 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016076 +[Abstract](64) +[PDF](797.1KB)
We investigate the nonlinear instability of a smooth Rayleigh-Taylor steady-state solution (including the case of heavier density with increasing height) to the three-dimensional incompressible nonhomogeneous magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations of zero resistivity in the presence of a uniform gravitational field. We first analyze the linearized equations around the steady-state solution. Then we construct solutions of the linearized problem that grow in time in the Sobolev space $H^k$, thus leading to the linear instability. With the help of the constructed unstable solutions of the linearized problem and a local well-posedness result of smooth solutions to the original nonlinear problem, we establish the instability of the density, the horizontal and vertical velocities in the nonlinear problem. Moreover, when the steady magnetic field is vertical and small, we prove the instability of the magnetic field. This verifies the physical phenomenon: instability of the velocity leads to the instability of the magnetic field through the induction equation.
A global existence and blow-up threshold for Davey-Stewartson equations in $\mathbb{R}^3$
Shiming Li , Yongsheng Li and  Wei Yan
2016, 9(6): 1899-1912 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016077 +[Abstract](43) +[PDF](424.3KB)
In this paper we study the threshold of global existence and blow-up for the solutions to the generalized 3D Davey-Stewartson equations \begin{equation*} \left\{ \begin{aligned} & iu_t + \Delta u + |u|^{p-1} u + E_1(|u|^2)u = 0, \quad t > 0, \ \ x\in \mathbb{R}^3, \\ & u(0,x) = u_0(x) \in H^1(\mathbb{R}^3), \end{aligned} \right. \end{equation*} where $1 < p < \frac{7}{3}$ and the operator $E_1$ is given by $ E_1(f) = \mathcal {F}^{-1} \left( \frac{\xi_1^2}{|\xi|^2} \mathcal{F}(f) \right) $. We construct two kinds of invariant sets under the evolution flow by analyzing the property of the upper bound function of the energy. Then we show that the solution exists globally for the initial function $u_0$ in first kind of the invariant sets, while the solution blows up in finite time for $u_0$ in another kind. We remark that the exponent $ p $ is subcritical for the nonlinear Schrödinger equations for which blow-up solutions would not occur. The result shows that the occurrence of blow-up phenomenon is caused by the coupling mechanics of the Davey-Stewartson equations.
Well-posedness for the three-dimensional compressible liquid crystal flows
Xiaoli Li and  Boling Guo
2016, 9(6): 1913-1937 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016078 +[Abstract](39) +[PDF](523.5KB)
This paper is concerned with the initial-boundary value problem for the three-dimensional compressible liquid crystal flows. The system consists of the Navier-Stokes equations describing the evolution of a compressible viscous fluid coupled with various kinematic transport equations for the heat flow of harmonic maps into $\mathbb{S}^2$. Assuming the initial density has vacuum and the initial data satisfies a natural compatibility condition, the existence and uniqueness is established for the local strong solution with large initial data and also for the global strong solution with initial data being close to an equilibrium state. The existence result is proved via the local well-posedness and uniform estimates for a proper linearized system with convective terms.
Existence, regularity and approximation of global attractors for weakly dissipative p-Laplace equations
Yangrong Li and  Jinyan Yin
2016, 9(6): 1939-1957 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016079 +[Abstract](27) +[PDF](467.3KB)
A global attractor in $L^2$ is shown for weakly dissipative $p$-Laplace equations on the entire Euclid space, where the weak dissipativeness means that the order of the source is lesser than $p-1$. Half-time decomposition and induction techniques are utilized to present the tail estimate outside a ball. It is also proved that the equations in both strongly and weakly dissipative cases possess an $(L^2,L^r)$-attractor for $r$ belonging to a special interval, which contains the critical exponent $p$. The obtained attractor is proved to be approximated by the corresponding attractor inside a ball in the sense of upper strictly and lower semicontinuity.
Existence and multiplicity of positive solutions for a class of Kirchhoff type problems at resonance
Jiafeng Liao , Peng Zhang , Jiu Liu and  Chunlei Tang
2016, 9(6): 1959-1974 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016080 +[Abstract](46) +[PDF](417.1KB)
In this paper, we study a class of Kirchhoff type problems with resonance \begin{equation*} \begin{cases} -\left(a+b\displaystyle\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u|^2dx\right)\Delta u=\nu u^{3}+ \lambda |u|^{q-1}u,&\rm \mathrm{in}\ \ \Omega, \\ u=0, &\rm \mathrm{on} \ \ \partial\Omega, \end{cases} \end{equation*} where $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^{3}$ is a bounded domain, $a,b,\nu,\lambda>0$ and $0< q <1$. By a minimizing method, we obtain the existence of positive ground state solutions for all $0<\nu\leq b\nu_{1}$ and $\lambda>0$. Furthermore, using the Nehari method, we obtain two positive solutions for all $\nu>b\nu_{1}$ and $0<\lambda<\tilde{\lambda},$ where $\nu_{1}$ is the first eigenvalue of problem (5) and $\tilde{\lambda}$ is a positive constant. And one of the two positive solutions is a ground state solution.
The algebraic representation for high order solution of Sasa-Satsuma equation
Liming Ling
2016, 9(6): 1975-2010 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016081 +[Abstract](36) +[PDF](841.5KB)
In this paper, we reestablish the elementary Darboux transformation for Sasa-Satsuma equation with the aid of loop group method. Furthermore, the generalized Darboux transformation is given with the limit technique. As direct applications, we give the single solitonic solutions for the focusing and defocusing case. The general high order solution formulas with the determinant form are obtained through generalized DT and the formal series method.
Global existence of weak solutions to the three-dimensional Prandtl equations with a special structure
Cheng-Jie Liu , Ya-Guang Wang and  Tong Yang
2016, 9(6): 2011-2029 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016082 +[Abstract](41) +[PDF](482.6KB)
The global existence of weak solutions to the three space dimensional Prandtl equations is studied under some constraint on its structure. This is a continuation of our recent study on the local existence of classical solutions with the same structure condition. It reveals the sufficiency of the monotonicity condition on one component of the tangential velocity field and the favorable condition on pressure in the same direction that leads to global existence of weak solutions. This generalizes the result obtained by Xin-Zhang [14] on the two-dimensional Prandtl equations to the three-dimensional setting.
Second-order slip flow of a generalized Oldroyd-B fluid through porous medium
Yaqing Liu and  Liancun Zheng
2016, 9(6): 2031-2046 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016083 +[Abstract](35) +[PDF](683.2KB)
This work is concerned the flow of a generalized Oldroyd-B fluid in a porous half-space with second-order slip effect. The fractional calculus approach is used to establish the constitutive relationship of the non-Newtonian fluid model. A new motion model is firstly proposed by modifying the boundary condition with second-order slip effect. Exact solutions for velocity and shear stress are obtained in terms of Fox H-function by using the discrete inverse Laplace transform of the sequential fractional derivatives. The similar solutions for the generalized Oldroyd-B fluid with first-order slip or no slip, and the solutions for a generalized Oldroyd-B fluid in nonporous medium, are obtained as the limiting cases of our solutions. Furthermore, the behavior of various parameters on the corresponding flow characteristics is shown graphical through different diagrams.
On the Cauchy problem of the modified Hunter-Saxton equation
Yongsheng Mi , Chunlai Mu and  Pan Zheng
2016, 9(6): 2047-2072 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016084 +[Abstract](105) +[PDF](487.9KB)
This paper is concerned with the Cauchy problem of the modified Hunter-Saxton equation, which was proposed by by J. Hunter and R. Saxton [SIAM J. Appl. Math. 51(1991) 1498-1521]. Using the approximate solution method, the local well-posedness of the model equation is obtained in Sobolev spaces $H^{s}$ with $s > 3/2$, in the sense of Hadamard, and its data-to-solution map is continuous but not uniformly continuous. However, if a weaker $H^{r}$-topology is used then it is shown that the solution map becomes Hölder continuous in $H^{s}$.
Scattering theory for energy-supercritical Klein-Gordon equation
Changxing Miao and  Jiqiang Zheng
2016, 9(6): 2073-2094 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016085 +[Abstract](51) +[PDF](550.9KB)
In this paper, we consider the question of the global well-posedness and scattering for the cubic Klein-Gordon equation $u_{t t}-\Delta u+u+|u|^2u=0$ in dimension $d\geq5$. We show that if the solution $u$ is apriorily bounded in the critical Sobolev space, that is, $(u, u_t)\in L_t^\infty(I; H^{s_c}_x(\mathbb{R}^d)\times H_x^{s_c-1}(\mathbb{R}^d))$ with $s_c:=\frac{d}2-1>1$, then $u$ is global and scatters. The impetus to consider this problem stems from a series of recent works for the energy-supercritical nonlinear wave equation and nonlinear Schrödinger equation. However, the scaling invariance is broken in the Klein-Gordon equation. We will utilize the concentration compactness ideas to show that the proof of the global well-posedness and scattering is reduced to disprove the existence of the scenario: soliton-like solutions. And such solutions are precluded by making use of the Morawetz inequality, finite speed of propagation and concentration of potential energy.
Quasineutral limit of the Euler-Poisson system under strong magnetic fields
Xueke Pu
2016, 9(6): 2095-2111 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016086 +[Abstract](41) +[PDF](449.1KB)
The quasineutral limit of the three dimensional compressible Euler-Poisson (EP) system for ions in plasma under strong magnetic field is rigorously studied. It is proved that as the Debye length and the Larmor radius tend to zero, the solution of the compressible EP system converges strongly to the strong solution of the one-dimensional compressible Euler-equation in the external magnetic field direction. Higher order approximation and convergence rates are also given and detailed studied.
The regularization of solution for the coupled Navier-Stokes and Maxwell equations
Wenjing Song and  Ganshan Yang
2016, 9(6): 2113-2127 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016087 +[Abstract](34) +[PDF](405.6KB)
The purpose of this paper is to build the existence of time-spatial global regular solution to the coupled Navier-Stokes and Maxwell equations.
Global exact controllability and asympotic stabilization of the periodic two-component $\mu\rho$-Hunter-Saxton system
Jingqun Wang , Lixin Tian and  Weiwei Guo
2016, 9(6): 2129-2148 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016088 +[Abstract](28) +[PDF](508.3KB)
In this paper, we discuss two main problems. In the first section, we establish a new global distributed exact controllability of the periodic two-component $\mu\rho$-Hunter-Saxton system on the circle by means of a distributed control. And in the second section, we present corresponding result of the asymptotic stabilization problem about the periodic two-component $\mu\rho$-Hunter-Saxton system. By presenting concrete form of the feedback law, an equivalent system is got.
Wave breaking and persistent decay of solution to a shallow water wave equation
Xue Yang and  Xinglong Wu
2016, 9(6): 2149-2165 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016089 +[Abstract](33) +[PDF](415.9KB)
As we all know, wave breaking of the water wave is important and interesting to physicist and mathematician. In the article, we devote to the study of blow-up phenomena, the decay of solution and traveling wave solution to a shallow water wave equation. First, based on the blow-up scenario, some new blow-up phenomena is derived. By virtue of a weighted function, the persistent decay of solution is established. Finally, we explore the analytic solutions and traveling wave solutions.
Blow-up criteria of smooth solutions to the three-dimensional micropolar fluid equations in Besov space
Baoquan Yuan and  Xiao Li
2016, 9(6): 2167-2179 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016090 +[Abstract](46) +[PDF](433.5KB)
In this paper, we investigate the blow-up criteria of smooth solutions and the regularity of weak solutions to the micropolar fluid equations in three dimensions. We obtain that if $ \nabla_{h}u,\nabla_{h}\omega\in L^{1}(0,T;\dot{B}^{0}_{\infty,\infty})$ or $ \nabla_{h}u,\nabla_{h}\omega\in L^{\frac{8}{3}}(0,T;\dot{B}^{-1}_{\infty,\infty})$ then the solution $(u,\omega)$ can be extended smoothly beyond $t=T$.
Decay estimates with sharp rates of global solutions of nonlinear systems of fluid dynamics equations
Linghai Zhang
2016, 9(6): 2181-2200 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016091 +[Abstract](49) +[PDF](373.9KB)
Consider the Cauchy problems for the $n$-dimensional incompressible Navier-Stokes equations \begin{eqnarray*} \frac{\partial{\bf u}}{\partial t}-\alpha\triangle{\bf u}+({\bf u}\cdot\nabla){\bf u}+\nabla p={\bf f}({\bf x},t),\qquad {\bf u}({\bf x},0)={\bf u}_0({\bf x}). \end{eqnarray*} In this system, the dimension $n\geq 3$, ${\bf u}({\bf x},t)=(u_1({\bf x},t),u_2({\bf x},t),\cdots,u_n({\bf x},t))$ and ${\bf f}({\bf x},t)=(f_1({\bf x},t),f_2({\bf x},t),\cdots,f_n({\bf x},t))$ are real vector valued functions of ${\bf x}=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_n)$ and $t$. Additionally, $\alpha>0$ is a positive constant. Suppose that the initial function and the external force satisfy appropriate conditions.
    The main purpose of this paper is to make complete use of the uniform energy estimates of the global smooth solutions and couple together a well known Gronwall's inequality to improve the Fourier splitting method to accomplish the decay estimates with sharp rates. The decay estimates with sharp rates of the global smooth solutions of the Cauchy problems for the $n$-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics equations may be established very similarly.
Analytical solutions of Skyrme model
Ruifeng Zhang , Nan Liu and  Man An
2016, 9(6): 2201-2211 doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016092 +[Abstract](25) +[PDF](374.3KB)
Exact analytic solutions of the kink soliton equation obtained in a recent interesting study of the classical Skyrme model defined on a simple spherically symmetric background are presented. By a variational method, the existence of spherically symmetric monopole solutions are proved. In particular, all finite-energy kink solitons must be Bogomool'nyi--Prasad--Sommerfield are showed. Moreover, together with numerical analysis, we can clearly see the validity of our theoretical results.

2016  Impact Factor: 0.781




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