Series S of Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems only publishes theme issues.Each issue is devoted to a specific area of the mathematical, physical andengineering sciences. This area will define a research frontier that isadvancing rapidly, often bridging mathematics and sciences. DCDS-S isessential reading for mathematicians, physicists, engineers and otherphysical scientists. The journal is published bimonthly.
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It is well known now, that a Time Fractional Black Scholes Equation (TFBSE) with a time derivative of real order
In this paper, improved sub-equation method is proposed to obtain new exact analytical solutions for some nonlinear fractional differential equations by means of modified Riemann Liouville derivative. The method is applied to time-fractional biological population model and space-time fractional Fisher equation successfully. Finally, simulations of new exact analytical solutions are presented graphically.
The present paper describes the mathematical analysis of an avian influenza model with saturation and psychological effect. The virus of avian influenza is not only a risk for birds but the population of human is also not safe from this. We proposed two models, one for birds and the other one for human. We consider saturated incidence rate and psychological effect in the model. The stability results for each model that is birds and human is investigated. The local and global dynamics for the disease free case of each model is proven when the basic reproduction number
A nonlinear system of two fractional nonlinear differential equations with Atangana-Baleanu derivative is considered in this work. General conditions under which a system solution exists and unique are presented using the fixed-point theorem method. The well-established numerical scheme is used to solve the system of equations. A numerical analysis is presented to secure the stability and convergence of the used numerical scheme.
Travelling wave solutions of the space and time fractional models for non-linear blood flow in large vessels and Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule dynamics defined in the sense of Jumarie's modified Riemann-Liouville derivative via the first integral method are presented in this study. A fractional complex transformation was applied to turn the fractional biological models into an equivalent integer order ordinary differential equation. The validity of the solutions to the fractional biological models obtained with first integral method was achieved by putting them back into the models. We observed that introducing fractional order to the biological models changes the nature of the solution.
In this paper, an optimal control problem for Schrödinger equation with complex coefficient which contains gradient is examined. A theorem is given that states the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the initial-boundary value problem for Schrödinger equation. Then for the solution of the optimal control problem, two different cases are investigated. Firstly, it is shown that the optimal control problem has a unique solution for
We develop a semidiscrete and a backward Euler fully discrete weak Galerkin mixed finite element method for a parabolic differential equation with memory. The optimal order error estimates in both
In this paper, we developed a unified method to solve time fractional Burgers' equation using the Chebyshev wavelet and L1 discretization formula. First we give the preliminary information about Chebyshev wavelet method, then we describe time discretization of the problems under consideration and then we apply Chebyshev wavelets for space discretization. The performance of the method is shown by three test problems and obtained results compared with other results available in literature.
In this paper, we consider the numerical solution of fractional-in-space reaction-diffusion equation, which is obtained from the classical reaction-diffusion equation by replacing the second-order spatial derivative with a fractional derivative of order
This paper proposes the computational approach for fractional-in-space reaction-diffusion equation, which is obtained by replacing the space second-order derivative in classical reaction-diffusion equation with the Riesz fractional derivative of order
In this paper, we extend a system of coupled first order non-linear system of delay differential equations (DDEs) arising in modeling of stoichiometry of tumour dynamics, to a system of diffusion-reaction system of partial delay differential equations (PDDEs). Since tumor cells is further modified by blood supply through the vascularization process, thus we determine the local uniform steady states of the homogeneous tumour growth model with respect to the vascularization process. We show that the steady states are globally stable, determine the existence of Hopf bifurcation of the homogeneous tumour growth model with respect to the vascularization process. We derive, analyse and implement a fitted operator finite difference method (FOFDM) to solve the extended model. This FOFDM is analyzed for convergence and it is seen that it has second-order accuracy. Some numerical results confirming theoretical observations are also presented. These results are comparable with those obtained in the literature.
In this paper, we introduce a combined form of the discrete Sumudu transform method with the discrete homotopy perturbation method to solve linear and nonlinear partial difference equations. This method is called the discrete homotopy perturbation Sumudu transform method(DHPSTM). The results reveal that the introduced method is very efficient, simple and can be applied to other linear and nonlinear difference equations. The nonlinear terms can be easily handled by use of He's polynomials.
A new barycentric spectral domain decomposition methods algorithm for solving partial integro-differential models is described. The method is applied to European and butterfly call option pricing problems under a class of infinite activity Lévy models. It is based on the barycentric spectral domain decomposition methods which allows the implementation of the boundary conditions in an efficient way. After the approximation of the spatial derivatives, we obtained the semi-discrete equations. The computation of these equations is performed by using the barycentric spectral domain decomposition method. This is achieved with the implementation of an exponential time integration scheme. Several numerical tests for the pricing of European and butterfly options are given to illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of this new algorithm. We also show that Greek options, such as Delta and Gamma sensitivity, are computed with no spurious oscillation.
Couette flows of an incompressible viscous fluid with non-integer order derivative without singular kernel produced by the motion of a flat plate are analyzed under the slip condition at boundaries. An analytical transform approach is used to obtain the exact expressions for velocity and shear stress. Three particular cases from the general results with and without slip at the wall are obtained. These solutions, which are organized in simple forms in terms of exponential and trigonometric functions, can be conveniently engaged to obtain known solutions from the literature. The control of the new non-integer order derivative on the velocity of the fluid moreover a comparative study with an older model, is analyzed for some flows with practical applications. The non-integer order derivative with non-singular kernel is more appropriate for handling mathematical calculations of obtained solutions.
In this paper we discuss an approximate solutions of the space-time fractional cubic autocatalytic chemical system (STFCACS) equations. The main objective is to find and compare approximate solutions of these equations found using Optimal q-Homotopy Analysis Method (Oq-HAM), Homotopy Analysis Transform Method (HATM), Varitional Iteration Method (VIM) and Adomian Decomposition Method (ADM).
We consider spectral and pseudo-spectral Jacobi-Galerkin methods and corresponding iterated methods for Fredholm integral equations of the second kind with weakly singular kernel. The Gauss-Jacobi quadrature formula is used to approximate the integral operator and the inner product based on the Jacobi weight is implemented in the weak formulation in the numerical implementation. We obtain the convergence rates for the approximated solution and iterated solution in weakly singular Fredholm integral equations, which show that the errors of the approximate solution decay exponentially in
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