ISSN:

1930-8337

eISSN:

1930-8345

## Inverse Problems & Imaging

June 2018 , Volume 12 , Issue 3

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**Abstract:**

Let *diffusion coefficients*) that fulfill the initial-value problem

and the additional conditions

where

*+*[Abstract](777)

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**Abstract:**

In some practical applications of computed tomography (CT) imaging, the projections of an object are obtained within a limited-angle range due to the restriction of the scanning environment. In this situation, conventional analytic algorithms, such as filtered backprojection (FBP), will not work because the projections are incomplete. An image reconstruction algorithm based on total variation minimization (TVM) can significantly reduce streak artifacts in sparse-view reconstruction, but it will not effectively suppress slope artifacts when dealing with limited-angle reconstruction problems. To solve this problem, we consider a family of image reconstruction model based on

*+*[Abstract](548)

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**Abstract:**

We analyse mathematically the imaging modality using electromagnetic nanoparticles as contrast agent. This method uses the electromagnetic fields, collected before and after injecting electromagnetic nanoparticles, to reconstruct the electrical permittivity. The particularity here is that these nanoparticles have high contrast electric or magnetic properties compared to the background media. First, we introduce the concept of electric (or magnetic) nanoparticles to describe the particles, of relative diameter

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**Abstract:**

We study the properties of a regularization method for inverse problems corrupted by Poisson noise with Kullback-Leibler divergence as data term. The regularization parameter is chosen according to a Morozov type principle. We show that this method of choice of the parameter is well-defined. This a posteriori choice leads to a convergent regularization method. Convergences rates are obtained for this a posteriori choice of the regularization parameter when some source condition is satisfied.

*+*[Abstract](618)

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**Abstract:**

Consider the scattering of a time-harmonic plane wave by heterogeneous media consisting of linear or nonlinear point scatterers and extended obstacles. A generalized Foldy–Lax formulation is developed to take fully into account of the multiple scattering by the complex media. A new imaging function is proposed and an FFT-based direct imaging method is developed for the inverse obstacle scattering problem, which is to reconstruct the shape of the extended obstacles. The novel idea is to utilize the nonlinear point scatterers to excite high harmonic generation so that enhanced imaging resolution can be achieved. Numerical experiments are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

*+*[Abstract](656)

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**Abstract:**

We consider the inverse problem in geophysics of imaging the subsurface of the Earth in cases where a region below the surface is known to be formed by strata of different materials and the depths and thicknesses of the strata and the (possibly anisotropic) conductivity of each of them need to be identified simultaneously. This problem is treated as a special case of the inverse problem of determining a family of nested inclusions in a medium

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**Abstract:**

This paper is concerned with a conceptual gesture-based instruction/input technique using electromagnetic wave detection. The gestures are modeled as the shapes of some impenetrable or penetrable scatterers from a certain admissible class, called a *dictionary*. The gesture-computing device generates time-harmonic electromagnetic point signals for the gesture recognition and detection. It then collects the scattered wave in a relatively small backscattering aperture on a bounded surface containing the point sources. The recognition algorithm consists of two stages and requires only two incident waves of different wavenumbers. The location of the scatterer is first determined approximately by using the measured data at a small wavenumber and the shape of the scatterer is then identified using the computed location of the scatterer and the measured data at a regular wavenumber. We provide the corresponding mathematical principle with rigorous analysis. Numerical experiments show that the proposed device works effectively and efficiently.

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**Abstract:**

In this paper we investigate the ability of correlation synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) imaging to reconstruct isotropic and anisotropic scatterers. SAR correlation imaging was suggested by the author previously in [

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**Abstract:**

We consider the recovery of piecewise constant conductivity and an unknown inner core in inverse conductivity problem. We first show the unique recovery of the conductivity in a one layer structure without inner core by one measurement on any surface enclosing the unknown medium. Then we recover the unknown inner core in a one layer structure. We then show that in a two layer structure, the conductivity can be uniquely recovered by using one measurement.

*+*[Abstract](419)

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**Abstract:**

We study the problem of determining uniquely a time-dependent singular potential

*+*[Abstract](1010)

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**Abstract:**

In this paper, a backward problem for a time-space fractional diffusion process has been considered. For this problem, we propose to construct the initial function by minimizing data residual error in Fourier space domain with variable total variation (TV) regularizing term which can protect the edges as TV regularizing term and reduce staircasing effect. The well-posedness of this optimization problem is obtained under a very general setting. Actually, we rewrite the time-space fractional diffusion equation as an abstract fractional differential equation and deduce our results by using fractional operator semigroup theory, hence, our theoretical results can be applied to other backward problems for the differential equations with more general fractional operator. Then a modified Bregman iterative algorithm has been proposed to approximate the minimizer. The new features of this algorithm is that the regularizing term altered in each step and we need not to solve the complex Euler-Lagrange equation of variable TV regularizing term (just need to solve a simple Euler-Lagrange equation). The convergence of this algorithm and the strategy of choosing parameters are also obtained. Numerical implementations are provided to support our theoretical analysis to show the flexibility of our minimization model.

*+*[Abstract](446)

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**Abstract:**

We consider the inverse problem of recovering the magnetic and potential term of a magnetic Schrödinger operator on certain compact Riemannian manifolds with boundary from partial Dirichlet and Neumann data on suitable subsets of the boundary. The uniqueness proof relies on proving a suitable Carleman estimate for functions which vanish only on a part of boundary and constructing complex geometric optics solutions which vanish on a part of the boundary.

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