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Journal of Modern Dynamics

2011 , Volume 5 , Issue 4

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Planetary Birkhoff normal forms
Luigi Chierchia and Gabriella Pinzari
2011, 5(4): 623-664 doi: 10.3934/jmd.2011.5.623 +[Abstract](551) +[PDF](532.0KB)
Abstract:
Birkhoff normal forms for the (secular) planetary problem are investigated. Existence and uniqueness is discussed and it is shown that the classical Poincaré variables and the ʀᴘs-variables (introduced in [6]), after a trivial lift, lead to the same Birkhoff normal form; as a corollary the Birkhoff normal form (in Poincaré variables) is degenerate at all orders (answering a question of M. Herman). Non-degenerate Birkhoff normal forms for partially and totally reduced cases are provided and an application to long-time stability of secular action variables (eccentricities and inclinations) is discussed.
Spectral analysis of the transfer operator for the Lorentz gas
Mark F. Demers and Hong-Kun Zhang
2011, 5(4): 665-709 doi: 10.3934/jmd.2011.5.665 +[Abstract](552) +[PDF](468.4KB)
Abstract:
We study the billiard map associated with both the finite- and infinite-horizon Lorentz gases having smooth scatterers with strictly positive curvature. We introduce generalized function spaces (Banach spaces of distributions) on which the transfer operator is quasicompact. The mixing properties of the billiard map then imply the existence of a spectral gap and related statistical properties such as exponential decay of correlations and the Central Limit Theorem. Finer statistical properties of the map such as the identification of Ruelle resonances, large deviation estimates and an almost-sure invariance principle follow immediately once the spectral picture is established.
Ziggurats and rotation numbers
Danny Calegari and Alden Walker
2011, 5(4): 711-746 doi: 10.3934/jmd.2011.5.711 +[Abstract](582) +[PDF](1092.6KB)
Abstract:
We establish the existence of new rigidity and rationality phenomena in the theory of nonabelian group actions on the circle and introduce tools to translate questions about the existence of actions with prescribed dynamics into finite combinatorics. A special case of our theory gives a very short new proof of Naimi's theorem (i.e., the conjecture of Jankins-Neumann) which was the last step in the classification of taut foliations of Seifert fibered spaces.
Partially hyperbolic diffeomorphisms with compact center foliations
Andrey Gogolev
2011, 5(4): 747-769 doi: 10.3934/jmd.2011.5.747 +[Abstract](545) +[PDF](292.0KB)
Abstract:
Let $f\colon M\to M$ be a partially hyperbolic diffeomorphism such that all of its center leaves are compact. We prove that Sullivan's example of a circle foliation that has arbitrary long leaves cannot be the center foliation of $f$. This is proved by thorough study of the accessible boundaries of the center-stable and the center-unstable leaves.
    Also we show that a finite cover of $f$ fibers over an Anosov toral automorphism if one of the following conditions is met:
  1. 1. the center foliation of $f$ has codimension 2, or
  2. 2. the center leaves of $f$ are simply connected leaves and the unstable foliation of $f$ is one-dimensional.

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