2008, 3(4): 749-785. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2008.3.749

Large time behavior of nonlocal aggregation models with nonlinear diffusion

1. 

Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Institutfür Numerische und Angewandte Mathematik, Einsteinstr. 62, D 48149 Münster, Germany

2. 

Division of Mathematics for Engineering, Piazzale E. Pontieri, 2 Monteluco di Roio, 67040 L'Aquila, Italy

Received  November 2007 Revised  May 2008 Published  October 2008

The aim of this paper is to establish rigorous results on the large time behavior of nonlocal models for aggregation, including the possible presence of nonlinear diffusion terms modeling local repulsions. We show that, as expected from the practical motivation as well as from numerical simulations, one obtains concentrated densities (Dirac $\delta$ distributions) as stationary solutions and large time limits in the absence of diffusion. In addition, we provide a comparison for aggregation kernels with infinite respectively finite support. In the first case, there is a unique stationary solution corresponding to concentration at the center of mass, and all solutions of the evolution problem converge to the stationary solution for large time. The speed of convergence in this case is just determined by the behavior of the aggregation kernels at zero, yielding either algebraic or exponential decay or even finite time extinction. For kernels with finite support, we show that an infinite number of stationary solutions exist, and solutions of the evolution problem converge only in a measure-valued sense to the set of stationary solutions, which we characterize in detail.
Moreover, we also consider the behavior in the presence of nonlinear diffusion terms, the most interesting case being the one of small diffusion coefficients. Via the implicit function theorem we give a quite general proof of a rather natural assertion for such models, namely that there exist stationary solutions that have the form of a local peak around the center of mass. Our approach even yields the order of the size of the support in terms of the diffusion coefficients.
All these results are obtained via a reformulation of the equations considered using the Wasserstein metric for probability measures, and are carried out in the case of a single spatial dimension.
Citation: Martin Burger, Marco Di Francesco. Large time behavior of nonlocal aggregation models with nonlinear diffusion. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2008, 3 (4) : 749-785. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2008.3.749
[1]

Dong Li, Xiaoyi Zhang. On a nonlocal aggregation model with nonlinear diffusion. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 27 (1) : 301-323. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.27.301

[2]

Carmen Cortázar, Manuel Elgueta, Fernando Quirós, Noemí Wolanski. Asymptotic behavior for a nonlocal diffusion equation on the half line. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2015, 35 (4) : 1391-1407. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2015.35.1391

[3]

Bhargav Kumar Kakumani, Suman Kumar Tumuluri. Asymptotic behavior of the solution of a diffusion equation with nonlocal boundary conditions. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2017, 22 (2) : 407-419. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2017019

[4]

Giuseppe Da Prato, Arnaud Debussche. Asymptotic behavior of stochastic PDEs with random coefficients. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 27 (4) : 1553-1570. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.27.1553

[5]

Lie Zheng. Asymptotic behavior of solutions to the nonlinear breakage equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2005, 4 (2) : 463-473. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2005.4.463

[6]

Irena Lasiecka, W. Heyman. Asymptotic behavior of solutions in nonlinear dynamic elasticity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 1995, 1 (2) : 237-252. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1995.1.237

[7]

Yongqin Liu. Asymptotic behavior of solutions to a nonlinear plate equation with memory. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2017, 16 (2) : 533-556. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2017027

[8]

Kin Ming Hui, Soojung Kim. Asymptotic large time behavior of singular solutions of the fast diffusion equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (11) : 5943-5977. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017258

[9]

P. R. Zingano. Asymptotic behavior of the $L^1$ norm of solutions to nonlinear parabolic equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2004, 3 (1) : 151-159. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2004.3.151

[10]

Nakao Hayashi, Pavel I. Naumkin. Asymptotic behavior in time of solutions to the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation revisited. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 1997, 3 (3) : 383-400. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1997.3.383

[11]

Limei Dai. Entire solutions with asymptotic behavior of fully nonlinear uniformly elliptic equations. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2011, 10 (6) : 1707-1714. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.1707

[12]

Andrea L. Bertozzi, Dejan Slepcev. Existence and uniqueness of solutions to an aggregation equation with degenerate diffusion. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2010, 9 (6) : 1617-1637. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.1617

[13]

Marianne Beringhier, Adrien Leygue, Francisco Chinesta. Parametric nonlinear PDEs with multiple solutions: A PGD approach. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - S, 2016, 9 (2) : 383-392. doi: 10.3934/dcdss.2016002

[14]

Marco Di Francesco, Alexander Lorz, Peter A. Markowich. Chemotaxis-fluid coupled model for swimming bacteria with nonlinear diffusion: Global existence and asymptotic behavior. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 28 (4) : 1437-1453. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.1437

[15]

Helge Dietert, Josephine Evans, Thomas Holding. Contraction in the Wasserstein metric for the kinetic Fokker-Planck equation on the torus. Kinetic & Related Models, 2018, 11 (6) : 1427-1441. doi: 10.3934/krm.2018056

[16]

Zhong Tan, Leilei Tong. Asymptotic stability of stationary solutions for magnetohydrodynamic equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (6) : 3435-3465. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017146

[17]

Kazuo Yamazaki, Xueying Wang. Global well-posedness and asymptotic behavior of solutions to a reaction-convection-diffusion cholera epidemic model. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2016, 21 (4) : 1297-1316. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2016.21.1297

[18]

Jérôme Coville, Nicolas Dirr, Stephan Luckhaus. Non-existence of positive stationary solutions for a class of semi-linear PDEs with random coefficients. Networks & Heterogeneous Media, 2010, 5 (4) : 745-763. doi: 10.3934/nhm.2010.5.745

[19]

Yan Zhang. Asymptotic behavior of a nonlocal KPP equation with an almost periodic nonlinearity. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (9) : 5183-5199. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016025

[20]

Cecilia Cavaterra, Maurizio Grasselli. Asymptotic behavior of population dynamics models with nonlocal distributed delays. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2008, 22 (4) : 861-883. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2008.22.861

2016 Impact Factor: 1.2

Metrics

  • PDF downloads (2)
  • HTML views (0)
  • Cited by (45)

Other articles
by authors

[Back to Top]