# American Institue of Mathematical Sciences

2008, 2(1): 43-62. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2008.2.43

## Dirichlet's theorem on diophantine approximation and homogeneous flows

 1 Goldsmith 207, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA 02454-9110 2 Ben Gurion University, Be'er Sheva, 84105, Israel

Received  December 2006 Revised  September 2007 Published  October 2007

Given an $m \times n$ real matrix $Y$, an unbounded set $\mathcal{T}$ of parameters $t =( t_1, \ldots, t_{m+n})\in\mathbb{R}_+^{m+n}$ with $\sum_{i = 1}^m t_i =\sum_{j = 1}^{n} t_{m+j}$ and $0<\varepsilon \leq 1$, we say that Dirichlet's Theorem can be $\varepsilon$-improved for $Y$ along $\mathcal{T}$ if for every sufficiently large $\v \in \mathcal{T}$ there are nonzero $\q \in \mathbb Z^n$ and $\p \in \mathbb Z^m$ such that
$|Y_i\q - p_i| < \varepsilon e^{-t_i}\,$     $i = 1,\ldots, m$
$|q_j| < \varepsilon e^{t_{m+j}}\,$     $j = 1,\ldots, n$
(here $Y_1,\ldots,Y_m$ are rows of $Y$). We show that for any $\varepsilon<1$ and any $\mathcal{T}$ 'drifting away from walls', see (1.8), Dirichlet's Theorem cannot be $\epsilon$-improved along $\mathcal{T}$ for Lebesgue almost every $Y$. In the case $m = 1$ we also show that for a large class of measures $\mu$ (introduced in [14]) there is $\varepsilon_0>0$ such that for any drifting away from walls unbounded $\mathcal{T}$, any $\varepsilon<\varepsilon_0$, and for $\mu$-almost every $Y$, Dirichlet's Theorem cannot be $\varepsilon$-improved along $\mathcal{T}$. These measures include natural measures on sufficiently regular smooth manifolds and fractals.
Our results extend those of several authors beginning with the work of Davenport and Schmidt done in late 1960s. The proofs rely on a translation of the problem into a dynamical one regarding the action of a diagonal semigroup on the space $\SL_{m+n}(\mathbb R)$/$SL_{m+n}(\mathbb Z)$.
Citation: Dmitry Kleinbock, Barak Weiss. Dirichlet's theorem on diophantine approximation and homogeneous flows. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2008, 2 (1) : 43-62. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2008.2.43
 [1] Sanghoon Kwon, Seonhee Lim. Equidistribution with an error rate and Diophantine approximation over a local field of positive characteristic. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2018, 38 (1) : 169-186. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018008 [2] Shrikrishna G. Dani. Simultaneous diophantine approximation with quadratic and linear forms. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2008, 2 (1) : 129-138. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2008.2.129 [3] Hans Koch, João Lopes Dias. Renormalization of diophantine skew flows, with applications to the reducibility problem. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2008, 21 (2) : 477-500. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2008.21.477 [4] Kathryn Dabbs, Michael Kelly, Han Li. Effective equidistribution of translates of maximal horospherical measures in the space of lattices. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2016, 10: 229-254. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2016.10.229 [5] Daniel Guan. Classification of compact complex homogeneous spaces with invariant volumes. Electronic Research Announcements, 1997, 3: 90-92. [6] Daniel Guan. Classification of compact homogeneous spaces with invariant symplectic structures. Electronic Research Announcements, 1997, 3: 52-54. [7] Maxim Sølund Kirsebom. Extreme value theory for random walks on homogeneous spaces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2014, 34 (11) : 4689-4717. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.4689 [8] Livio Flaminio, Giovanni Forni, Federico Rodriguez Hertz. Invariant distributions for homogeneous flows and affine transformations. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2016, 10: 33-79. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2016.10.33 [9] Jaeyoo Choy, Hahng-Yun Chu. On the dynamics of flows on compact metric spaces. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2010, 9 (1) : 103-108. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2010.9.103 [10] Radu Saghin. On the number of ergodic minimizing measures for Lagrangian flows. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2007, 17 (3) : 501-507. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2007.17.501 [11] Betseygail Rand, Lorenzo Sadun. An approximation theorem for maps between tiling spaces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2011, 29 (1) : 323-326. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.29.323 [12] Steve Hofmann, Dorina Mitrea, Marius Mitrea, Andrew J. Morris. Square function estimates in spaces of homogeneous type and on uniformly rectifiable Euclidean sets. Electronic Research Announcements, 2014, 21: 8-18. doi: 10.3934/era.2014.21.8 [13] Ciprian G. Gal, Maurizio Grasselli. Longtime behavior for a model of homogeneous incompressible two-phase flows. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2010, 28 (1) : 1-39. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2010.28.1 [14] Alexander Gorodnik, Frédéric Paulin. Counting orbits of integral points in families of affine homogeneous varieties and diagonal flows. Journal of Modern Dynamics, 2014, 8 (1) : 25-59. doi: 10.3934/jmd.2014.8.25 [15] Joep H.M. Evers, Sander C. Hille, Adrian Muntean. Modelling with measures: Approximation of a mass-emitting object by a point source. Mathematical Biosciences & Engineering, 2015, 12 (2) : 357-373. doi: 10.3934/mbe.2015.12.357 [16] Christoph Bandt, Helena Peña. Polynomial approximation of self-similar measures and the spectrum of the transfer operator. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (9) : 4611-4623. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017198 [17] Luigi Greco, Gioconda Moscariello, Teresa Radice. Nondivergence elliptic equations with unbounded coefficients. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2009, 11 (1) : 131-143. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2009.11.131 [18] Guizhen Cui, Yunping Jiang, Anthony Quas. Scaling functions and Gibbs measures and Teichmüller spaces of circle endomorphisms . Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 1999, 5 (3) : 535-552. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1999.5.535 [19] Moisey Guysinsky, Serge Yaskolko. Coincidence of various dimensions associated with metrics and measures on metric spaces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 1997, 3 (4) : 591-603. doi: 10.3934/dcds.1997.3.591 [20] Zeng Lian, Peidong Liu, Kening Lu. Existence of SRB measures for a class of partially hyperbolic attractors in banach spaces. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2017, 37 (7) : 3905-3920. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2017164

2016 Impact Factor: 0.706

## Metrics

• PDF downloads (0)
• HTML views (0)
• Cited by (1)

[Back to Top]