# American Institute of Mathematical Sciences

April  2019, 24(4): 1677-1695. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018287

## Hierarchies and Hamiltonian structures of the Nonlinear Schrödinger family using geometric and spectral techniques

 1 S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector Ⅲ, Salt Lake, Kolkata - 700106, India 2 Instituto de Física de São Carlos; IFSC/USP, Universidade de São Paulo Caixa Postal 369, CEP 13560-970, São Carlos-SP, Brazil 3 School of Management and Sciences, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology, West Bengal, BF 142, Sector I, Salt Lake, Kolkata-700064, India

Received  March 2017 Revised  February 2018 Published  August 2018

This paper explores the class of equations of the Non-linear Schrödinger (NLS) type by employing both geometrical and spectral analysis methods. The work is developed in three stages. First, the geometrical method (AKS theorem) is used to derive different equations of the Non-linear Schrödinger (NLS) and Derivative Non-linear Schrödinger (DNLS) families. Second, the spectral technique (Tu method) is applied to obtain the hierarchies of equations belonging to these types. Third, the trace identity along with other techniques is used to obtain the corresponding Hamiltonian structures. It is found that the spectral method provides a simple algorithmic procedure to obtain the hierarchy as well as the Hamiltonian structure. Finally, the connection between the two formalisms is discussed and it is pointed out how application of these two techniques in unison can facilitate the understanding of integrable systems. In concurrence with Tu's method, Gesztesy and Holden also formulated a method of derivation of the trace formulas for integrable nonlinear evolution equations, this method is based on a contour-integration technique.

Citation: Partha Guha, Indranil Mukherjee. Hierarchies and Hamiltonian structures of the Nonlinear Schrödinger family using geometric and spectral techniques. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2019, 24 (4) : 1677-1695. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2018287
##### References:

show all references

##### References:
 [1] Noboru Okazawa, Toshiyuki Suzuki, Tomomi Yokota. Energy methods for abstract nonlinear Schrödinger equations. Evolution Equations & Control Theory, 2012, 1 (2) : 337-354. doi: 10.3934/eect.2012.1.337 [2] D.G. deFigueiredo, Yanheng Ding. Solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2002, 8 (3) : 563-584. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2002.8.563 [3] Guan Huang. An averaging theorem for nonlinear Schrödinger equations with small nonlinearities. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2014, 34 (9) : 3555-3574. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2014.34.3555 [4] Shalva Amiranashvili, Raimondas  Čiegis, Mindaugas Radziunas. Numerical methods for a class of generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equations. Kinetic & Related Models, 2015, 8 (2) : 215-234. doi: 10.3934/krm.2015.8.215 [5] Yohei Yamazaki. Transverse instability for a system of nonlinear Schrödinger equations. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2014, 19 (2) : 565-588. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2014.19.565 [6] Pavel I. Naumkin, Isahi Sánchez-Suárez. On the critical nongauge invariant nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2011, 30 (3) : 807-834. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2011.30.807 [7] Younghun Hong. Scattering for a nonlinear Schrödinger equation with a potential. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2016, 15 (5) : 1571-1601. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2016003 [8] Alexander Komech, Elena Kopylova, David Stuart. On asymptotic stability of solitons in a nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2012, 11 (3) : 1063-1079. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2012.11.1063 [9] Dario Bambusi, A. Carati, A. Ponno. The nonlinear Schrödinger equation as a resonant normal form. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - B, 2002, 2 (1) : 109-128. doi: 10.3934/dcdsb.2002.2.109 [10] Liliana Borcea, Fernando Guevara Vasquez, Alexander V. Mamonov. A discrete Liouville identity for numerical reconstruction of Schrödinger potentials. Inverse Problems & Imaging, 2017, 11 (4) : 623-641. doi: 10.3934/ipi.2017029 [11] Mohamad Darwich. On the $L^2$-critical nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with a nonlinear damping. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (6) : 2377-2394. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.2377 [12] Yanqin Fang, Jihui Zhang. Multiplicity of solutions for the nonlinear Schrödinger-Maxwell system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2011, 10 (4) : 1267-1279. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.1267 [13] Chuangye Liu, Zhi-Qiang Wang. A complete classification of ground-states for a coupled nonlinear Schrödinger system. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2017, 16 (1) : 115-130. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2017005 [14] Haidong Liu, Zhaoli Liu. Positive solutions of a nonlinear Schrödinger system with nonconstant potentials. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2016, 36 (3) : 1431-1464. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2016.36.1431 [15] Chunhua Li. Decay of solutions for a system of nonlinear Schrödinger equations in 2D. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2012, 32 (12) : 4265-4285. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2012.32.4265 [16] Chunhua Wang, Jing Yang. Positive solutions for a nonlinear Schrödinger-Poisson system. Discrete & Continuous Dynamical Systems - A, 2018, 38 (11) : 5461-5504. doi: 10.3934/dcds.2018241 [17] Wulong Liu, Guowei Dai. Multiple solutions for a fractional nonlinear Schrödinger equation with local potential. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2017, 16 (6) : 2105-2123. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2017104 [18] Xudong Shang, Jihui Zhang. Multiplicity and concentration of positive solutions for fractional nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2018, 17 (6) : 2239-2259. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2018107 [19] Patricio Felmer, César Torres. Radial symmetry of ground states for a regional fractional Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2014, 13 (6) : 2395-2406. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2014.13.2395 [20] Olivier Goubet, Wided Kechiche. Uniform attractor for non-autonomous nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Communications on Pure & Applied Analysis, 2011, 10 (2) : 639-651. doi: 10.3934/cpaa.2011.10.639

2018 Impact Factor: 1.008